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  1. The present study was conducted to determine the location, the morphology and distribution of NADPH-diaphorase positive neurons in the cardiac nerve plexus of the atria of mice (ASn). This plexus lies over the...

    Authors: Laura Beatriz Mesiano Maifrino, Edson Aparecido Liberti, Patrícia Castelucci and Romeu Rodrigues De Souza
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:10
  2. SNAP-25 is a synaptic protein known to be involved in exocytosis of synaptic vesicles in neurons and of large dense-core vesicles in neuroendocrine cells. Its role in exocytosis has been studied in SNAP-25 kno...

    Authors: Anne L Cahill, Bruce E Herring and Aaron P Fox
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:9
  3. Inflammation around cell bodies of primary sensory neurons and retinal ganglion cells enhances expression of neuronal growth-associated genes and stimulates axonal regeneration. We have asked if inflammation w...

    Authors: MK Hossain-Ibrahim, K Rezajooi, JK MacNally, MRJ Mason, AR Lieberman and PN Anderson
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:8
  4. Contrast enhancement within primary stimulus representations is a common feature of sensory systems that regulates the discrimination of similar stimuli. Whereas most sensory stimulus features can be mapped on...

    Authors: Thomas A Cleland and Praveen Sethupathy
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:7
  5. Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) belongs to a polypeptide family containing five additional members called HDGF related proteins 1–4 (HRP-1 to -4) and Lens epithelial derived growth factor. Whereas some f...

    Authors: Heba M El-Tahir, Frank Dietz, Ralf Dringen, Kerstin Schwabe, Karen Strenge, Sørge Kelm, Mekky M Abouzied, Volkmar Gieselmann and Sebastian Franken
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:6
  6. NF-κB binds to the κB motif to regulate transcription of genes involved in growth, immunity and inflammation, and plays a pivotal role in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines after nerve injuries. The ...

    Authors: Lai-Chu Wu, Virginia M Goettl, Francesca Madiai, Kevin V Hackshaw and Syed-Rehan A Hussain
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:4
  7. Carbenoxolone (CBX) is a widely used gap junctional blocker. Considering several reports indicating that transient gap junctional blockade could be a favourable intervention following injuries to central nervo...

    Authors: Yevgen Leshchenko, Sergei Likhodii, Wendy Yue, William M Burnham and Jose L Perez Velazquez
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:3
  8. It was recently reported that epochs of non-REM sleep (NREMS) with low muscle tone represent a partial correlate of REM sleep (REMS). To further investigate this phenomenon, episodes of restricted night-time s...

    Authors: Gilberte Tinguely, Reto Huber, Alexander A Borbély and Peter Achermann
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:2
  9. Autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP) is caused by mutations in the parkin gene which encodes an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase. Parkin is thought to be critical for protecting dopaminergic neurons from ...

    Authors: Francisco A Perez, Wendy R Curtis and Richard D Palmiter
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:71
  10. Although octopamine has long been known to have major roles as both transmitter and modulator in arthropods, it has only recently been shown to be functionally important in molluscs, playing a role as a neurot...

    Authors: Ágnes Vehovszky, Henriette Szabó and Christopher JH Elliott
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:70
  11. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) initiates a complex sequence of destructive and neuroprotective cellular responses. The initial mechanical injury is followed by an extended time period of secondary brain damage. ...

    Authors: Christina von Gertten, Amilcar Flores Morales, Staffan Holmin, Tiit Mathiesen and Ann-Christin Sandberg Nordqvist
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:69
  12. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) is a multifunctional secreted protein with pleiotropic actions, including the inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), cell death/survival and growth pr...

    Authors: Crystel Ogier, Rita Creidy, José Boucraut, Paul D Soloway, Michel Khrestchatisky and Santiago Rivera
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:68
  13. The lateral premotor cortex plays a crucial role in visually guided limb movements. It is divided into two main regions, the dorsal (PMd) and ventral (PMv) areas, which are in turn subdivided into functionally...

    Authors: Driss Boussaoud, Judith Tanné-Gariépy, Thierry Wannier and Eric M Rouiller
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:67
  14. The megencephaly mouse, mceph/mceph, is epileptic and displays a dramatically increased brain volume and neuronal count. The responsible mutation was recently revealed to be an eleven base pair deletion, leading ...

    Authors: Ann-Sophie Persson, Göran Klement, Malin Almgren, Kristoffer Sahlholm, Johanna Nilsson, Susanna Petersson, Peter Århem, Martin Schalling and Catharina Lavebratt
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:65
  15. In the present study neurophysiological correlates related to mismatching information in lexical access were investigated with a fragment priming paradigm. Event-related brain potentials were recorded for writ...

    Authors: Claudia K Friedrich
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:64
  16. Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1 or CXCL12) is chemotaxic for CXCR4 expressing bone marrow-derived cells. It functions in brain embryonic development and in response to ischemic injury in helping guide neu...

    Authors: Jason T Miller, John H Bartley, Hereward JC Wimborne, Aisha L Walker, David C Hess, William D Hill and James E Carroll
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:63
  17. The cortical activity underlying the perception of vowel identity has typically been addressed by manipulating the first and second formant frequency (F1 & F2) of the speech stimuli. These two values, originat...

    Authors: Hannu Tiitinen, Anna Mari Mäkelä, Ville Mäkinen, Patrick JC May and Paavo Alku
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:62
  18. Permeability of the blood-brain barrier is one of the factors determining the bioavailability of therapeutic drugs and resistance to chemically different antiepileptic drugs is a consequence of decreased intra...

    Authors: Sanjay Awasthi, Kerri L Hallene, Vince Fazio, Sharad S Singhal, Luca Cucullo, Yogesh C Awasthi, Gabriele Dini and Damir Janigro
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:61
  19. Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is a potential threat to the integrity of the gastric mucosa and is known to contribute to upper abdominal pain. We have previously found that gastric mucosal challenge with excess HCl ...

    Authors: Peter Holzer, Evelin Painsipp and Rufina Schuligoi
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:60
  20. The fetal cortical neuroepithelium is a mosaic of distinct progenitor populations that elaborate diverse cellular fates. Ethanol induces apoptosis and interferes with the survival of differentiating neurons. H...

    Authors: Daniel R Santillano, Leena S Kumar, Terasa L Prock, Cynthia Camarillo, Joseph D Tingling and Rajesh C Miranda
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:59
  21. Estrogen suppresses microglial activation and extravasation of circulating monocytes in young animals, supporting an anti-inflammatory role for this hormone. However, the mechanisms underlying estrogen's anti-...

    Authors: Vanessa L Nordell, Danielle K Lewis, Shameena Bake and Farida Sohrabji
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:58
  22. After sub-total hemi-section of cervical cord at level C7/C8 in monkeys, the ipsilesional hand exhibited a paralysis for a couple of weeks, followed by incomplete recovery of manual dexterity, reaching a plate...

    Authors: Eric Schmidlin, Thierry Wannier, Jocelyne Bloch, Abderraouf Belhaj-Saif, Alexander F Wyss and Eric M Rouiller
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:56
  23. The recently discovered adult neural stem cells, which maintain continuous generation of new neuronal and glial cells throughout adulthood, are a promising and expandable source of cells for use in cell replac...

    Authors: Maria Sievertzon, Valtteri Wirta, Alex Mercer, Jonas Frisén and Joakim Lundeberg
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:55
  24. Epidemiological studies have associated estrogen replacement therapy with a lower risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, but a higher risk of developing breast cancer and certain cardiovascular disorders. The...

    Authors: Astrid Gutierrez-Zepeda, Ross Santell, Zhixin Wu, Marishka Brown, YanJue Wu, Ikhlas Khan, Christopher D Link, Baolu Zhao and Yuan Luo
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:54
  25. Plexins, known to date as receptors of semaphorins, are implicated in semaphorin-mediated axon repulsion and growth cone collapse. However, subtype-specific functions of the majority of the nine members of the...

    Authors: Christine Hartwig, Andres Veske, Sarka Krejcova, Georg Rosenberger and Ulrich Finckh
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:53
  26. Brevican is a member of the lectican family of aggregating extracellular matrix (ECM) proteoglycans that bear chondroitin sulfate (CS) chains. It is highly expressed in the central nervous system (CNS) and is ...

    Authors: Joanne Mayer, Michelle G Hamel and Paul E Gottschall
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:52
  27. While gelatinase (MMP-2 and -9) activity is increased after focal ischemia/reperfusion injury in the brain, the relative contribution of neutrophils to the MMP activity and to the development of hemorrhagic tr...

    Authors: Alex K Harris, Adviye Ergul, Anna Kozak, Livia S Machado, Maribeth H Johnson and Susan C Fagan
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:49
  28. Recently we reported that vibrotactile flutter stimulation of a skin locus at different amplitudes evokes an optical response confined to the same local region of the primary somatosensory cortex (SI), where i...

    Authors: Joannellyn S Chiu, Mark Tommerdahl, Barry L Whitsel and Oleg V Favorov
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:47
  29. Rag1 (Recombination activation gene-1) mediates genomic rearrangement and is essential for adaptive immunity in vertebrates. This gene is also expressed in the olfactory epithelium, but its function there is unkn...

    Authors: Bo Feng, Sarada Bulchand, Emre Yaksi, Rainer W Friedrich and Suresh Jesuthasan
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:46
  30. Notch signaling pathways are conserved across species and traditionally have been implicated in cell fate determination during embryonic development. Notch signaling components are also expressed postdevelopme...

    Authors: Michael Y Chao, Jonah Larkins-Ford, Tim M Tucey and Anne C Hart
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:45
  31. It is established that increasing the amplitude of a flutter stimulus increases its perceived intensity. Although many studies have examined this phenomenon with regard to the responding afferent population, t...

    Authors: Stephen B Simons, Vinay Tannan, Joannellyn Chiu, Oleg V Favorov, Barry L Whitsel and Mark Tommerdahl
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:43
  32. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), which is sorted into a regulated secretory pathway of neurons, is supposed to act retrogradely through dendrites on presynaptic neurons or anterogradely through axons ...

    Authors: Naoki Adachi, Keigo Kohara and Tadaharu Tsumoto
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:42
  33. In the laboratory, behavioral and physiological states of nocturnal rodents alternate, with a period near 24 h, between those appropriate for the night (e.g., elevated wheel-running activity and high melatonin...

    Authors: Sheila L Rosenthal, Martin M Vakili, Jennifer A Evans, Jeffrey A Elliott and Michael R Gorman
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:41
  34. HIV Associated Dementia (HAD) is a common complication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection that erodes the quality of life for patients and burdens health care providers. Intravenous drug use is a ...

    Authors: Sherie L Kendall, Caroline F Anderson, Avindra Nath, Jadwiga Turchan-Cholewo, Cantey L Land, Charles F Mactutus and Rosemarie M Booze
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:40
  35. The transcription factor AP-1 positively controls synaptic plasticity at the Drosophila neuromuscular junction. Although in motor neurons, JNK has been shown to activate AP-1, a positive regulator of growth and s...

    Authors: Paul D Etter, Radhakrishnan Narayanan, Zaneta Navratilova, Chirag Patel, Dirk Bohmann, Heinrich Jasper and Mani Ramaswami
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:39
  36. Animals must frequently make choices between alternative courses of action, seeking to maximize the benefit obtained. They must therefore evaluate the magnitude and the likelihood of the available outcomes. Li...

    Authors: Rudolf N Cardinal and Nathan J Howes
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:37
  37. Training of a repetitive synchronised movement of two limb muscles leads to short-term plastic changes in the primary motor cortex, which can be assessed by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) mapping. We ...

    Authors: Peter Schwenkreis, Katja Witscher, Burkhard Pleger, Jean-Pierre Malin and Martin Tegenthoff
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:35
  38. High concentrations of glutamate can accumulate in the brain and may be involved in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease. This form of neurotoxicity involves changes in t...

    Authors: Joel Perrella and Bhagu R Bhavnani
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:34
  39. ADAM22 is a member of the ADAM gene family, but the fact that it is expressed only in the nervous systems makes it unique. ADAM22's sequence similarity to other ADAMs suggests it to be an integrin binder and t...

    Authors: Koji Sagane, Kazuhiro Hayakawa, Junko Kai, Tomoko Hirohashi, Eiki Takahashi, Norimasa Miyamoto, Mitsuhiro Ino, Tohru Oki, Kazuto Yamazaki and Takeshi Nagasu
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:33
  40. The neocortical commissures have a fundamental role in functional integration across the cerebral hemispheres. We investigated whether commissural projections in prefrontal cortices are organized according to ...

    Authors: Helen Barbas, Claus C Hilgetag, Subhash Saha, Caterina R Dermon and Joanna L Suski
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:32

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