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  1. To study the RBCs functional and metabolic parameters and the microcirculatory brain structure at traumatic brain injury (TBI) under the action of 2-ethyl-6-methyl-3-hydroxypyridine succinate.

    Authors: V. Polozova Anastasia, A. Boyarinov Gennadii, O. Nikolsky Viktor, V. Zolotova Marina and V. Deryugina Anna
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:57
  2. NRXN1 deletions are identified as one of major rare risk factors for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other neurodevelopmental disorders. ASD has 30% co-morbidity with epilepsy, and the latter is associated wit...

    Authors: Sahar Avazzadeh, Leo R. Quinlan, Jamie Reilly, Katya McDonagh, Amirhossein Jalali, Yanqin Wang, Veronica McInerney, Janusz Krawczyk, Yicheng Ding, Jacqueline Fitzgerald, Matthew O’Sullivan, Eva B. Forman, Sally A. Lynch, Sean Ennis, Niamh Feerick, Richard Reilly…
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:56
  3. It is important to improve verbal Working Memory (WM) in reading disability, as it is a key factor in learning. There are commercial verbal WM training programs, which have some short-term effects only on the ...

    Authors: Mehdi Ramezani, Saeed Behzadipour, Ehsan Pourghayoomi, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, Elham Shirazi and Angela J. Fawcett
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:55
  4. Ceftriaxone is a β-lactam antibiotic used to treat central nervous system infections. Whether the neuroprotective effects of ceftriaxone after TBI are mediated by attenuating neuroinflammation but not its anti...

    Authors: Sher-Wei Lim, Hui-Chen Su, Tee-Tau Eric Nyam, Chung-Ching Chio, Jinn-Rung Kuo and Che-Chuan Wang
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:54
  5. The accumulation of neurotoxic amyloid-beta (Aβ) in the brain is a characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD), at the same time, it is possible alterations of liver function could affect brain Aβ levels throug...

    Authors: Jinhua Wen, Menghua Zhao, Wenxiong Sun, Xiaohua Cheng, Luyi Yu, Duanwen Cao and Pu Li
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:53

    The Publisher Correction to this article has been published in BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:58

  6. There has been an increasing interest in researching on the effects of extremely low-frequency magnetic fields on living systems. The mechanism of action of extremely low-frequency magnetic fields on organisms...

    Authors: Leticia R. Quesnel-Galván, Patricia V. Torres-Durán, David Elías-Viñas and Leticia Verdugo-Díaz
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:52
  7. Delay discounting has been proposed as a behavioral marker of substance use disorders. Innovative analytic approaches that integrate information from multiple neuroimaging modalities can provide new insights i...

    Authors: Christina S. Meade, Xiang Li, Sheri L. Towe, Ryan P. Bell, Vince D. Calhoun and Jing Sui
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:51
  8. Fibrin as an extracellular matrix feature like biocompatibility, creates a favorable environment for proliferation and migration of cells and it can act as a reservoir for storage and release of growth factors...

    Authors: Shahnaz Razavi, Maliheh Jahromi, Elham Vatankhah and Reihaneh Seyedebrahimi
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:50
  9. The purpose of this study was to assess the five-year treatment effects of a short course of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer disease (AD).

    Authors: Shawn Kile, William Au, Carol Parise, Kimberley Rose, Tammy Donnel, Andrea Hankins, Yvonne Au, Matthew Chan and Azad Ghassemi
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:49
  10. In humans the stress response is known to be modulated to a great extent by psychological factors, particularly by the predictability and the perceived control that the subject has of the stressor. This psycho...

    Authors: Marco Cerqueira, Sandie Millot, Tomé Silva, Ana S. Félix, Maria Filipa Castanheira, Sonia Rey, Simon MacKenzie, Gonçalo A. Oliveira, Catarina C. V. Oliveira and Rui F. Oliveira
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:48
  11. Stroke is one of the leading causes of substantial disability worldwide. Previous studies have shown brain functional and structural alterations in adults with stroke. However, few studies have examined the lo...

    Authors: Yongxin Li, Zeyun Yu, Ping Wu and Jiaxu Chen
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:47
  12. Rodent brain slices—particularly hippocampal slices—are widely used in experimental investigations of epileptiform activity. Oxygenated artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF) is used to maintain slices in vitro...

    Authors: Haiyu Liu, Sai Zhang and Liang Zhang
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:46
  13. During infection and inflammation, a reduced oxygen level clearly affects cellular functions. Oxygen levels during CNS infections are unknown. Here we established and evaluated an in vivo measurement system to...

    Authors: Nicole de Buhr, Alexander Martens, Marita Meurer, Marta C. Bonilla, Franz Söbbeler, Lara Twele, Stephan Neudeck, Michael Wendt, Andreas Beineke, Sabine Kästner and Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:45
  14. The aim of this study was to investigate whether AMN082 exerts its neuroprotective effect by attenuating glutamate receptor-associated neuronal apoptosis and improving functional outcomes after traumatic brain...

    Authors: Chung-Che Lu, Tee-Tau Eric Nyam, Jinn-Rung Kuo, Yao-Lin Lee, Chung-Ching Chio and Che-Chuan Wang
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:44
  15. Autism, a childhood behavioral disorder, belongs to a large suite of diseases, collectively referred to as autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Though multifactorial in etiology, approximately 10% of ASD are assoc...

    Authors: Kyong-Oh Shin, Debra A. Crumrine, Sungeun Kim, Yerin Lee, Bogyeong Kim, Katrina Abuabara, Chaehyeong Park, Yoshikazu Uchida, Joan S. Wakefield, Jason M. Meyer, Sekyoo Jeong, Byeong Deog Park, Kyungho Park and Peter M. Elias
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:43
  16. ETB has been reported to regulate neurogenesis and vasoregulation in foetal development. Its dysfunction was known to cause HSCR, an aganglionic colonic disorder with syndromic forms reported to associate with bo...

    Authors: Ko-Chin Chen, Zan-Min Song and Geoffrey D. Croaker
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:42
  17. Memantine, a low- to moderate-affinity uncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, has been shown to improve cognitive functions in animal models of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Here we treated APP/PS...

    Authors: Peng Li, Jin Xu, Huanhuan Gu, Hua Peng, You Yin and Jianhua Zhuang
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:41
  18. This article has been retracted. Please see the Retraction Notice for more detail: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12868-021-00644-1

    Authors: Sabine Wislet-Gendebien, Naomi P. Visanji, Shawn N. Whitehead, Diana Marsilio, Weimin Hou, Daniel Figeys, Paul E. Fraser, Steffany A. L. Bennett and Anurag Tandon
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:40

    The original article was published in BMC Neuroscience 2008 9:92

  19. Matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP9) has been implicated in a variety of neurological disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD), where MMP9 levels are elevated in the brain and cerebrovasculature. Previously o...

    Authors: Charis Ringland, Jonas Elias Schweig, Maxwell Eisenbaum, Daniel Paris, Ghania Ait-Ghezala, Michael Mullan, Fiona Crawford, Laila Abdullah and Corbin Bachmeier
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:39
  20. The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) is involved in neuroinflammation. This study investigated the changes in RAGE expression following noise-induced hearing loss.

    Authors: Chang Ho Lee, Kyung Woon Kim, Da-hye Lee, So Min Lee and So Young Kim
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:38
  21. Pathophysiological evidence from temporal lobe epilepsy models highlights the hippocampus as the most affected structure due to its high degree of neuroplasticity and control of the dynamics of limbic structur...

    Authors: Miguel A. Núñez-Ochoa, Gustavo A. Chiprés-Tinajero, Nadia P. González-Domínguez and Laura Medina-Ceja
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:37
  22. The neural networks underpinning language control and domain-general executive functions overlap in bilinguals, but existing evidence is mainly correlative. Here, we present the first neurofunctional evidence ...

    Authors: Yan Jing Wu, Mo Chen, Guillaume Thierry, Yongben Fu, Junjie Wu and Taomei Guo
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:36
  23. Asymptomatic Moyamoya disease (MMD) impairs hemodynamic and cognitive function. The relationship between these changes, cerebral blood flow (CBF), and network connectivity remains largely unknown. The aim of t...

    Authors: Shihao He, Ziqi Liu, Yanchang Wei, Ran Duan, Zongsheng Xu, Cai Zhang, Li Yuan, Tian Li, Ning Ma, Xin Lou, Xiaoyuan Liu and Rong Wang
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:35
  24. The Grooved Pegboard Test (GPT) is widely adopted to evaluate manual dexterity, it presents normative data but the test is influenced by different factors. The influence of time spent on smartphones has not be...

    Authors: Luca Petrigna, Milda Treigienė, Ewan Thomas, Diba Mani, Simona Pajaujiene, Patrik Drid, Gioacchino Lavanco, Antonio Palma and Antonino Bianco
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:34
  25. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by the core symptoms of impaired social interactions. Increasing evidence suggests that ASD has a strong genetic link with mutations in chromodomain helicase DNA...

    Authors: Stanislav M. Cherepanov, Maria Gerasimenko, Teruko Yuhi, Kazumi Furuhara, Chiharu Tsuji, Shigeru Yokoyama, Keiichi I. Nakayama, Masaaki Nishiyama and Haruhiro Higashida
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:32
  26. Protective ventilation with lower tidal volumes reduces systemic and organ-specific inflammation. In sepsis-induced encephalopathy or acute brain injury the use of protective ventilation has not been widely in...

    Authors: Axel Nyberg, Erik Gremo, Jonas Blixt, Jesper Sperber, Anders Larsson, Miklós Lipcsey, Andreas Pikwer and Markus Castegren
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:31
  27. In everyday life, negative emotions can be implicitly regulated by positive stimuli, without any conscious cognitive engagement; however, the effects of such implicit regulation on mood and related neuro-mecha...

    Authors: M. Berthold-Losleben, S. Papalini, U. Habel, K. Losleben, F. Schneider, K. Amunts and N. Kohn
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:30
  28. The implication of the steroids estradiol, progesterone and testosterone in cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) has not been comprehensively assessed. In rodents, studies suggest...

    Authors: Jan Martin, Eva Plank, Bernhard Ulm, Jens Gempt, Maria Wostrack, Bettina Jungwirth and Simone M. Kagerbauer
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:29
  29. Brain radiation exposure, in particular, radiotherapy, can induce cognitive impairment in patients, with significant effects persisting for the rest of their life. However, the main mechanisms leading to this ...

    Authors: Bo Xu Ren, Isaac Huen, Zi Jun Wu, Hong Wang, Meng Yun Duan, Ilonka Guenther, K. N. Bhanu Prakash and Feng Ru Tang
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:28
  30. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Mara A. Guzmán-Ruiz, Amor Herrera-González, Adriana Jiménez, Alan Candelas-Juárez, Crystal Quiroga-Lozano, Claudia Castillo-Díaz, Erika Orta-Salazar, Diana Organista-Juárez, Sofía Díaz-Cintra and Rosalinda Guevara-Guzmán
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:27

    The original article was published in BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:14

  31. Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) has been revealed to play bidirectional roles in orofacial pain modulation. Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a well-known pro-nociceptive molecule that participates in t...

    Authors: Xinyu Yan, Han Han, Shizhen Zhang, Yanzhu Lu, Linghuan Ren, Yufei Tang, Xiaolong Li, Fan Jian, Yan Wang, Hu Long and Wenli Lai
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:25
  32. Methamphetamine (METH) is one of the most widely abused illicit substances worldwide; unfortunately, its addiction mechanism remains unclear. Based on accumulating evidence, changes in gene expression and chro...

    Authors: Hui Li, Jing-An Chen, Qian-Zhi Ding, Guan-Yi Lu, Ning Wu, Rui-Bin Su, Fei Li and Jin Li
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:24
  33. Tau theory explains how both intrinsically and perceptually guided movements are controlled by the brain. According to general tau theory, voluntary, self-paced human movements are controlled by coupling the t...

    Authors: Mehrdad Bahadori, Paola Cesari, Cathy Craig and Mehran Emadi Andani
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:23
  34. Differences of genotypes between male and female have been studied in Parkinson’s disease (PD), but limited research has focused on the comparison between sexes with LRRK2 G2385 variant.

    Authors: Shi-Shuang Cui, Rao Fu, Juan-Juan Du, Yi-Qi Lin, Pei Huang, Chao Gao, Hai-Yan Zhou and Sheng-Di Chen
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:22
  35. Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neurological complication resulting from acute or chronic liver disease. Hyperammonemia leading to astrocyte swelling and cerebral edema in combination with neuroinflammation i...

    Authors: Fatme Seval Ismail, Timo Jendrik Faustmann, Franco Corvace, Anamariya Tsvetanova, Zahra Moinfar and Pedro M. Faustmann
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:21
  36. Atherosclerotic plaques are often present in regions of arteries with complicated flow patterns. Vascular morphology plays important role in hemodynamics. In this study, we investigated the relationship betwee...

    Authors: Jinmei Zheng, Bin Sun, Ruolan Lin, Yongqi Teng, Xihai Zhao and Yunjing Xue
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:20
  37. The SCN11A gene, encoded Nav1.9 TTX resistant sodium channels, is a main effector in peripheral inflammation related pain in nociceptive neurons. The role of SCN11A gene in the auditory system has not been well c...

    Authors: Mian Zu, Wei-Wei Guo, Tao Cong, Fei Ji, Shi-Li Zhang, Yue Zhang, Xin Song, Wei Sun, David Z. Z. He, Wei-Guo Shi and Shi-Ming Yang
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:18
  38. Several studies have shown that glutamate neurotransmission in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) is required for the development of morphine-induced conditional place preference (CPP). In addition, metabotropic glut...

    Authors: Zahra Ebrahimi, Nazanin Kahvandi, Alireza Komaki, Seyed Asaad Karimi, Marzieh Naderishahab and Abdolrahman Sarihi
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:17
  39. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Laszlo Szpisjak, Gabor Szaraz, Andras Salamon, Viola L. Nemeth, Noemi Szepfalusi, Gabor Veres, Balint Kincses, Zoltan Maroti, Tibor Kalmar, Malgorzata Rydzanicz, Rafal Ploski, Peter Klivenyi and Denes Zadori
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:16

    The original article was published in BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:7

  40. Rupture of intracranial aneurysm (IA) is the main cause of devastating subarachnoid hemorrhage, which urges our understanding of the pathogenesis and regulatory mechanisms of IA. However, the regulatory roles ...

    Authors: Yuan-Bo Pan, Jianan Lu, Biao Yang, Cameron Lenahan, Jianmin Zhang and Anwen Shao
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:15
  41. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is characterized by cognitive impairment that eventually develops into dementia. Amyloid-beta (Aβ) accumulation is a widely described hallmark in AD, and has been reported to cause olf...

    Authors: Mara A. Guzmán-Ruiz, Amor Herrera-González, Adriana Jiménez, Alan Candelas-Juárez, Crystal Quiroga-Lozano, Claudia Castillo-Díaz, Erika Orta-Salazar, Diana Organista-Juárez, Sofía Díaz-Cintra and Rosalinda Guevara-Guzmán
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:14

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:27

  42. Aside from the homeostatic and circadian components, light has itself an important, direct as well as indirect role in sleep regulation. Light exerts indirect sleep effect by modulating the circadian rhythms. ...

    Authors: Örs Szalontai, Attila Tóth, Máté Pethő, Dóra Keserű, Tünde Hajnik and László Détári
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:13
  43. Men and women show differences in sensitivity to reward and punishment, which may impact behavior in health and disease. However, the neural bases of these sex differences remain under-investigated. Here, by c...

    Authors: Isha Dhingra, Sheng Zhang, Simon Zhornitsky, Wuyi Wang, Thang M. Le and Chiang-Shan R. Li
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:12
  44. Attachment theory demonstrates that early attachment experience shapes internal working models with mental representations of self and close relationships, which affects personality traits and interpersonal re...

    Authors: Min Deng, Xing Zhang, Xiaoyan Bi and Chunhai Gao
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:11
  45. There is growing evidence for a positive correlation between measures of muscular strength and cognitive abilities. However, the neurophysiological correlates of this relationship are not well understood so fa...

    Authors: Fabian Herold, Tom Behrendt, Alexander Törpel, Dennis Hamacher, Notger G. Müller and Lutz Schega
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:10
  46. We previously reported that heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) phosphorylation plays an important role in the activation of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), resulting in the upregulation of the pentose pho...

    Authors: Kazuya Matsuo, Kohkichi Hosoda, Jun Tanaka, Yusuke Yamamoto, Taichiro Imahori, Tomoaki Nakai, Yasuhiro Irino, Masakazu Shinohara, Takashi Sasayama and Eiji Kohmura
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:9
  47. It has been shown that eosinophils are decreased and monocytes are elevated in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS), but the impact of eosinophil-to-monocyte ratio (EMR) on clinical outcomes among AIS pat...

    Authors: Shuhong Yu, Yi Luo, Tan Zhang, Chenrong Huang, Yu Fu, Qiang Zhang, Fangyue Zeng, Hao Huang, Chunyuan Zhang and Zhiliang Guo
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2021 22:8

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