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  1. Pyridoxine (PDX; vitamin B6), is an essential vitamin. PDX deficiency induces various symptoms, and when PDX is misused it acts as a neurotoxicant, inducing severe sensory neuropathy.

    Authors: Sumin Yun, Woosuk Kim, Min Soo Kang, Tae Hyeong Kim, Yoonhwan Kim, Jin-Ok Ahn, Jung Hoon Choi, In Koo Hwang and Jin-Young Chung
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2020 21:11
  2. Following the publication of this article [1], it has been noted by the authors that an image of the same cell nuclei has been used in error twice, in Fig. 8, parts A and B. These images are redundant in this ...

    Authors: Claudie Hooper, Ricardo Sainz-Fuertes, Steven Lynham, Abdul Hye, Richard Killick, Alice Warley, Cecilia Bolondi, Jennifer Pocock and Simon Lovestone
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2020 21:10

    The original article was published in BMC Neuroscience 2012 13:144

  3. Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a demyelinating disease primarily affecting the optic nerves and spinal cord. It is distinguished from other demyelinating conditions by the presence of AQP4-IgG and serum aquapor...

    Authors: Etedal Ahmed AbuElbasher Ibrahim, Fatima Gammer and Alsadig Gassoum
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2020 21:9
  4. There has been much discussion recently about the occurrence of neuropsychological complications during the perioperative period. Diabetes is known to be one of the metabolic risk factors. Although the number ...

    Authors: Momoka Nishimura, Yuki Nomura, Moritoki Egi, Norihiko Obata, Makoto Tsunoda and Satoshi Mizobuchi
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2020 21:8
  5. It is a crucial task of brain science researches to explore functional connective maps of Biological Neural Networks (BNN). The maps help to deeply study the dominant relationship between the structures of the...

    Authors: Mei-jia Zhu, Chao-yi Dong, Xiao-yan Chen, Jing-wen Ren and Xiao-yi Zhao
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2020 21:7
  6. Synaptic degeneration and accumulation of amyloid β-peptides (Aβ) are hallmarks of the Alzheimer diseased brain. Aβ is synaptotoxic and produced by sequential cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by...

    Authors: Jolanta L. Lundgren, Lina Vandermeulen, Anna Sandebring-Matton, Saheeb Ahmed, Bengt Winblad, Monica Di Luca, Lars O. Tjernberg, Elena Marcello and Susanne Frykman
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2020 21:6
  7. Opioids are the most effective drugs commonly prescribed to treat pain. Due to their addictive nature, opioid pain relievers are now second to marijuana, ahead of cocaine with respect to dependence. Ours and o...

    Authors: Ruping Fan, Lisa M. Schrott, Stephen Snelling, John Felty, Derrel Graham, Patrick L. McGauly, Thomas Arnold and Nadejda L. Korneeva
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2020 21:4
  8. It is difficult to set up a balanced higher-order full-factorial experiment that can capture multiple intricate interactions between cognitive and psycholinguistic factors underlying bilingual speech productio...

    Authors: Severin Schramm, Noriko Tanigawa, Lorena Tussis, Bernhard Meyer, Nico Sollmann and Sandro M. Krieg
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2020 21:3
  9. The growing abuse of amphetamine-type stimulants leads to new challenges to human health. A possible addiction mechanism has been proposed by altered functional architecture of the nucleus accumbens (NAc) duri...

    Authors: Yun Wang, Kai-Juan Yan, Chen-Xiao Fan, Xiao-Nian Luo and Yuan Zhou
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:66
  10. Histone deacetylase-3 (HDAC3) promotes neurodegeneration in various cell culture and in vivo models of neurodegeneration but the mechanism by which HDAC3 exerts neurotoxicity is not known. HDAC3 is known to be...

    Authors: Anto Sam Crosslee Louis Sam Titus, Dharmendra Sharma, Min Soo Kim and Santosh R. D’Mello
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:65
  11. Infection is an important clinical complication facing stroke-patients and triples the risk of death within 30 days post-stroke via mechanisms which are poorly understood.

    Authors: Ping Wang, Jiaqi Zhang, Feifei Guo, Shuang Wang, Yi Zhang, Defeng Li, Haiyu Xu and Hongjun Yang
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:64
  12. Sodium ion transportation plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of hypoxic–ischemic brain injury. Amiodarone, a Vaughan-Williams class III antiarrhythmic drug, has been widely used to treat life-threatening...

    Authors: Masakazu Kotoda, Sohei Hishiyama, Tadahiko Ishiyama, Kazuha Mitsui and Takashi Matsukawa
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:62
  13. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is characterised by dopaminergic cell loss within the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) that leads to reduced striatal dopamine content and resulting motor deficits. Identifying new...

    Authors: Edward J. R. Fletcher, Lawrence D. F. Moon and Susan Duty
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:61
  14. Ketamine has been reported to cause neonatal neurotoxicity in a variety of developing animal models. Various studies have been conducted to study the mechanism of neurotoxicity for general anesthetic use durin...

    Authors: Zhanqiang Zhao, Bing Li, Yuqing Wu, Xujun Chen, Yan Guo, Yang Shen and He Huang
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:60
  15. The aim was to examine the impact of lipopolysaccharide-induced systemic inflammation on expression of mRNA for cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) and the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) and its ...

    Authors: Jonathan R. Burgos, Britt-Marie Iresjö, Linda Olsson and Ulrika Smedh
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:59
  16. The pharmacodynamic results of diazepam and ethanol administration are similar, in that each can mediate amnestic and sedative-hypnotic effects. Although each of these molecules effectively reduce the activity...

    Authors: Matthias Kreuzer, Paul S. García, Verena Brucklacher-Waldert, Rebecca Claassen, Gerhard Schneider, Bernd Antkowiak and Berthold Drexler
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:58
  17. Mammalian Shc (Src homology and collagen) proteins comprise a family of four phosphotyrosine adaptor molecules which exhibit varied spatiotemporal expression and signaling functions. ShcD is the most recently ...

    Authors: Hannah N. Robeson, Hayley R. Lau, Laura A. New, Jasmin Lalonde, John N. Armstrong and Nina Jones
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:57
  18. Non-motor symptoms are common aspects of Parkinson’s disease (PD) occurring even at the prodromal stage of the disease and greatly affecting the quality of life. Here, we investigated whether non-motor symptom...

    Authors: Flavia Niccolini, Heather Wilson, Beniamino Giordano, Konstantinos Diamantopoulos, Gennaro Pagano, Kallol Ray Chaudhuri and Marios Politis
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:55
  19. The pathogenesis of medication overuse headache (MOH) involves hyperexcitability of cortical and trigeminal neurons. Derangement of the brainstem modulating system, especially raphe nuclei may contribute to th...

    Authors: Prangtip Potewiratnanond, Supang Maneesri le Grand, Anan Srikiatkhachorn and Weera Supronsinchai
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:54
  20. Neuroactive steroids seem to be implicated in a variety of neurophysiological and behavioral processes, such as sleep, learning, memory, stress, feeding and aging. Numerous studies have also addressed this imp...

    Authors: Jan Martin, Eva Plank, Bettina Jungwirth, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Armin Podtschaske and Simone M. Kagerbauer
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:53
  21. Neurological complications may occur in patients with acute or chronic renal failure; however, in cases of acute renal failure, the signs and symptoms are usually more pronounced, and progressed rapidly. Oxida...

    Authors: Fatemeh Sharifi, Parham Reisi and Maryam Malek
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:52
  22. We aimed to study the role of amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid receptor (AMPAR) glutamate receptor 2 (GluR2) subunit trafficking, and activity changes in short-term neuroprotection provided b...

    Authors: Chenxu Wang, Ying Wei, Yuan Yuan, Yonghao Yu, Keliang Xie, Beibei Dong, Yuan Shi and Guolin Wang
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:51
  23. Movement performance depends on the synaptic interactions generated by coherent parallel sensorimotor cortical outputs to different downstream targets. The major outputs of the neocortex to subcortical structu...

    Authors: Rafael Olivares-Moreno, Mónica López-Hidalgo, Alain Altamirano-Espinoza, Adriana González-Gallardo, Anaid Antaramian, Verónica Lopez-Virgen and Gerardo Rojas-Piloni
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:50
  24. In animal research, authorities require a classification of anticipated pain levels and a perioperative analgesia protocol prior to approval of the experiments. However, data on this topic is rare and so is th...

    Authors: Irina Staib-Lasarzik, Nadine Nagel, Anne Sebastiani, Eva-Verena Griemert and Serge C. Thal
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:49
  25. Electrical stimulation is widely used in experimental pain research but it lacks selectivity towards small nociceptive fibers. When using standard surface patch electrodes and rectangular pulses, large fibers ...

    Authors: Rosa Hugosdottir, Carsten Dahl Mørch, Ole Kæseler Andersen, Thordur Helgason and Lars Arendt-Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:48
  26. There is a need for new approaches to increase the knowledge of the membrane excitability of small nerve fibers both in healthy subjects, as well as during pathological conditions. Our research group has previ...

    Authors: Rosa Hugosdottir, Carsten Dahl Mørch, Cecilia Klitgaard Jørgensen, Camilla Winther Nielsen, Mathias Vassard Olsen, Mads Jozwiak Pedersen and Jenny Tigerholm
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:47
  27. The Pde6brd1 (Rd1) mouse is widely used as a murine model for human retinitis pigmentosa. Understanding the spatio-temporal patterns of cone degeneration is important for evaluating potential treatments. In th...

    Authors: Daniel S. Narayan, Jack Ao, John P. M. Wood, Robert J. Casson and Glyn Chidlow
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:46
  28. Systemic inflammation is an important risk factor for neurodevelopmental impairments in preterm infants. Premyelinating oligodendrocytes are main building blocks of white matter in preterm infants and vulnerab...

    Authors: Seung Han Shin, Ee-Kyung Kim, Kyung-yup Lee and Han-Suk Kim
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:45
  29. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a widespread public health problem and a signature injury of our military in modern conflicts. Despite the long-term effects of even mild brain injuries, an effective treatment ...

    Authors: Whitney A. Ratliff, Jessica N. Saykally, Ronald F. Mervis, Xiaoyang Lin, Chuanhai Cao and Bruce A. Citron
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:44
  30. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the stability of brain arousal in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) outpatients with and without depressive symptomatology, and its association ...

    Authors: Jue Huang, Christine Ulke and Maria Strauss
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:43
  31. Parkinson's disease is a progressive degenerative nervous system disease. Recent studies have shown that secondary changes in the GABA system play directly affect the pathogenesis of PD. There is still much de...

    Authors: Lixuan Huang, Yande Ren, Zisan Zeng, Hao Ren, Shaojun Li, Shengnan He, Fan He and Xiangrong Li
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:42
  32. Oxidative stress and neuroinflammation are central pathogenic mechanisms common to many neurological diseases. Isoliquiritigenin (ISL) is a flavonoid in licorice with multiple pharmacological properties, inclu...

    Authors: Xiaobo Zhu, Jiankun Liu, Shaojie Chen, Jiang Xue, Shanying Huang, Yibiao Wang and Ou Chen
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:41
  33. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a noninvasive neural control technology that has become a research hotspot. To facilitate further research of tDCS, the biosafety of 500 μA cathodal tDCS, a co...

    Authors: Keying Zhang, Ling Guo, Junping Zhang, Guangzhou An, Yan Zhou, Jiajin Lin, Junling Xing, Mai Lu and Guirong Ding
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:40
  34. Amblyopia is generally considered a neurodevelopmental disorder that results from abnormal visual experiences in early childhood and may persist to adulthood. The neural basis of amblyopia has been a matter of...

    Authors: Minglong Liang, He Xiao, Bing Xie, Xuntao Yin, Jian Wang and Hong Yang
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:39
  35. In this study, nonlinear based time–frequency (TF) and time domain investigations are employed for the analysis of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals of mild cognitive impairment–Alzheimer’s disease (MCI–AD) p...

    Authors: T. Nimmy John, Puthankattil Subha Dharmapalan and N. Ramshekhar Menon
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:38
  36. Cardiovascular conditions contribute to brain volume loss, reduced cerebrovascular health, and increased dementia risk in aging adults. Altered hippocampal connectivity has also been observed in individuals wi...

    Authors: Liesel-Ann C. Meusel, Carol E. Greenwood, Andrea Maione, Ekaterina Tchistiakova, Bradley J. MacIntosh and Nicole D. Anderson
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:37
  37. Postoperative pain (POP) is a severe acute pain encountered in patients suffering from an operation, and is less than adequately controlled by the currently available analgesics. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase ...

    Authors: Bing Xu, Cheng Mo, Chengmei Lv, Susu Liu, Jun Li, Jieying Chen, Yanhong Wei, Hongwei An, Li Ma and Xuehai Guan
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:36
  38. The functional heterogeneity of the hippocampus along its longitudinal axis at the level of behavior is an established concept; however, the neurobiological mechanisms are still unknown. Diversifications in th...

    Authors: Andriana Koutsoumpa and Costas Papatheodoropoulos
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:35
  39. Hypothalamic inflammation including astrogliosis and microglia activation occurs after intake of high fat diet (HFD) in rodent models or in obese individuals. However, the effect of chronic HFD feeding on olig...

    Authors: Hui-Ting Huang, Sheng-Feng Tsai, Hung-Tsung Wu, Hsin-Ying Huang, Han-Hsueh Hsieh, Yu-Ming Kuo, Po-See Chen, Chung-Shi Yang and Shun-Fen Tzeng
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:33
  40. Three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of human peripheral nerves, as a useful tool to understand the nerve internal information and functional basis, has become an important area of research in the peripheral ...

    Authors: Peng Luo, Jianghui Dong, Jian Qi, Yi Zhang, Xiaolin Liu, Yingchun Zhong, Cory J. Xian and Liping Wang
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:32
  41. Recently, the use of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has become more generally accepted, including by the Food and Drug Administration. To expand the use of TCM worldwide, it is important to study the molec...

    Authors: Jinyuan Yan, Zhongshan Yang, Ninghui Zhao, Zhiwei Li and Xia Cao
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:31
  42. Distinctive patterns of functional connectivity (FC) abnormalities in neural circuitry has been reported in patients with bipolar depression (BD) and unipolar depression (UD). However, it is unclear that wheth...

    Authors: Chang Liu, Weidan Pu, Guowei Wu, Jie Zhao and Zhimin Xue
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:30
  43. Neuropathic pain (NP) is a prevalent disease, which badly impairs the life quality of patients. The underlying mechanism of NP is still not fully understood. It has been reported that spinal Annexin A10 (ANXA1...

    Authors: LiHong Sun, Qi Xu, WenXin Zhang, CuiCui Jiao, Hui Wu and XinZhong Chen
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:28
  44. The mosquito Aedes aegypti has a wide variety of sensory pathways that have supported its success as a species as well as a highly competent vector of numerous debilitating infectious pathogens. Investigations in...

    Authors: Michelle Bui, Jennifer Shyong, Eleanor K. Lutz, Ting Yang, Ming Li, Kenneth Truong, Ryan Arvidson, Anna Buchman, Jeffrey A. Riffell and Omar S. Akbari
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:27

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