Inferring functional brain connectivity from field-potential oscillations in health and disease
BMC Neuroscience volume 12, Article number: P108 (2011)
Field-potential recordings (e.g. EEG, MEG) of ongoing neural activity exhibit oscillations of specific frequencies over a pink-noise 1/f background . The oscillations appear in the power spectrum as a collection of frequency bands evenly spaced on a logarithmic scale, thereby preventing mutual entrainment and cross-talk. Applying mathematical techniques for inverse problems , we reverse-engineered network architectures with 80 nodes that generate these characteristic dynamics of normal brain function. We show that all reconstructed networks, or “virtual brains”, display similar topological features (e.g. structural motifs) and dynamics (e.g. spindle and sharp waves). We also reverse-engineered putative diseased brains (epileptic and schizophrenic), in which oscillatory activity is altered in different ways . The reconstructed networks show consistent alterations of functional connectivity and dynamics. These alterations lead to a decrease in neural complexity (Fig. 1A), as defined in , changes in the hierarchical structure of the brain connectivity (Fig. 1B) and in the probability of finding certain structural motifs (Figs. 1C1D1E1F). The predictions from our model may be easily tested in actual brains.
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This work was made possible by the High-Performance Computing Cluster at Case Western Reserve University. We also thank the support from a Choose Ohio First grant (GKS), The Mount Sinai Health Care Foundation (RFG) and The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation (RFG).
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Karl Steinke, G., Galán, R.F. Inferring functional brain connectivity from field-potential oscillations in health and disease. BMC Neurosci 12 (Suppl 1), P108 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2202-12-S1-P108