Topological ion channel noise and its implications for the neuronal dynamics
© Güler; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008
Published: 11 July 2008
We have recently established a dual viewpoint of ion channel noise asserting that conformational changes in ion channels are actually exposed to two different kinds of fluctuations , namely the intrinsic noise and the topological noise. The intrinsic noise is associated with the stochasticity in the movement of gating particles between the inner and the outer faces of the membrane. The topological noise, on the other hand, is associated with the fluctuations emerging from the uncertainty in accessing the permissible topological states of open gates. In a toy membrane just having three potassium channels (twelve gates), for example, nine open gates can be configured into a variety of topological states with the possible results that none of the channels is open, one is open, or two are open.
A simultaneous and mutually interactive description of the two kinds of noise can be formulated using Nelson's stochastic when open to dissipative environments, and subsequently the voltage dynamics can be worked out through the use of reduced density operator techniques . This results in the arousal of renormalizations of the membrane capacitance and of a voltage dependent potential function. The resultant computational neuron model, scrutinized using a special membrane with some tailored properties giving the Rose-Hindmarsh dynamics in the deterministic limit, has been investigated in detail numerically for its dynamics for time-independent input currents . It was found that the intrinsic noise gives rise to two significant coexisting effects: it initiates spiking activity even in some range of input currents for which the corresponding deterministic model is quiet and causes bursting in some other range of input currents for which the deterministic model fires tonically. The renormalization corrections, which would not arise in the absence of topological noise, augment the above behavioral transitions from quiescence to spiking and from tonic firing to bursting, and, therefore, the bursting activity takes place in a wider range of input currents for larger values of the correction coefficients.
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