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  • Open Access

A self-organizing neural network for neuromuscular control

BMC Neuroscience201516 (Suppl 1) :P277

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2202-16-S1-P277

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Spinal Cord Injury
  • Motor Unit
  • Muscle Force
  • Biceps Brachii
  • Neuromuscular Disease
Adaptive technology holds great promise for sensorimotor rehabilitation in people suffering from spinal cord injury, neuromuscular disease and stroke. With a long-term goal of developing adaptive technology for diagnosis and rehabilitation of neuromuscular dysfunction, we begin the development of a self-organizing neural network (SNN) that compensates for reduced neural drive. We suggest that the self-organizing architecture that adds or deletes nodes online to generate suitable compensatory muscle excitation (Figure 1A) is an apt mechanism to emulate the motor pool behavior of recruitment and de-recruitment of motor units during muscle force generation. Using a virtual muscle [1] resembling the human biceps brachii, we demonstrate the augmentation of neural excitation by the SNN to compensate for abnormal muscle force due to change in the number of motor units.
Figure 1
Figure 1

A. Schematic showing the virtual muscle-SNN system; Φ 1 , Φ 2 , .. Φ n are radial basis functions and w 1 , w 2 , ..w n are weights for summation. B. Simulation of normal (Slow-Fast motor unit ratio - 2:4), abnormal (Slow-Fast motor unit ratio - 3:3) muscle force and, compensation by SNN.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, California State University, Long Beach, CA, USA
(2)
Department of Integrative Biology and Physiology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA

References

  1. Cheng E, Brown I, Loeb G: Virtual muscle: a computational approach to understanding the effects of muscle properties on motor control. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 2000, 101: 117-130.PubMedView ArticleGoogle Scholar

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