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Induction and consolidation of calcium-based homo- and heterosynaptic potentiation and depression

BMC Neuroscience201516 (Suppl 1) :P252

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2202-16-S1-P252

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Back Propagation
  • Postsynaptic Neuron
  • Synaptic Change
  • Plasticity Rule
  • Synaptic Dynamic

Synaptic plasticity serves as the physiological foundation for learning and memory [1]. While homosynaptic plasticity is associative learning or Hebbian-type plasticity, heterosynaptic plasticity reflects the synaptic change without direct stimulation, i.e. non-associative plasticity [2]. However, heterosynaptic plasticity is an important mechanism preventing run-away synaptic dynamics and offers a potential mechanism to understand memory allocation [2, 3]. Experimental results show that the induction of heterosynaptic plasticity as well as homosynaptic plasticity depends on the postsynaptic calcium concentration [4]. We propose that heterosynaptic plasticity can be induced by the postsynaptic calcium dynamics which can be triggered by the back propagation of action potentials.

However, homosynaptic plasticity has an early-phase (< 3 hours) and a late-phase state (> 8 hours) [1]. Experiments show that an early-phase synaptic change can be transferred to a late-phase by the mechanisms of "synaptic tagging and consolidation" (STC) [5, 6]: (i) the changed synapse get tagged and (ii) a strong activation enables in the postsynaptic neuron the synthesis of plasticity-related proteins (PRP) which are transmitted back to the tagged synapse[5, 6]. We propose that the same STC mechanism consolidating homosynaptic changes are also able to consolidate heterosynaptic changes.

We combine a history spiking-dependent neuron [7] with calcium-based synaptic plasticity rule [8] and synaptic consolidation mechanism [9] to understand: (i) the mechanisms of inducing heterosynaptic plasticity by which the inactive synapse can change its weight through the postsynaptic calcium level triggered by the back propagation of the shared neuron; and (ii) of the consolidation of heterosynaptic changes based on the synaptic tagging and consolidation principle. For instance, a strong stimulus transmitted by a group of synapses induces and consolidates by the postsynaptic neuron heterosynaptic changes at other, unrelated synapses. Our study provides a further step of understanding how several mechanisms interact with each other to enable the formation of computational important long-term changes or memories.

Declarations

Acknowledgements

This research is funded by from the European Communities Seventh Framework Program FP7/2007-as well as from the Germany Ministry of Science Grant to the Göttingen Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
III Institute of Physics, Department of Computational Neuroscience, Georg-August-University Göttingen, Bernstein Center for Computational Neuroscience, Göttingen, 37077, Germany

References

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Copyright

© Li et al. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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