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An information theoretic measure of cross-frequency coupling
BMC Neuroscience volume 16, Article number: P224 (2015)
The coupling of neuronal oscillations between cortical areas has been proposed both as a mechanism for top-down and bottom-up signaling in the brain. These interactions may facilitate the coordination of both local and distributed networks across different time scales. However, we are still exploring what the best method is to quantify them. Of particular interest has been the role of phase-amplitude cross-frequency coupling (CFC), and a variety of methods to analyze this have been proposed . Thus far none of these stands out as an ideal measure. We propose the use of Mutual Information to quantify CFC. We test the performance of this method against two other approaches: the Mean Vector Length, and the Envelope to Signal Correlation. Finally we apply this method to data recorded from the mouse early visual system.
The ability of Mutual Information to measure the amount of common information shared by the two systems, while capturing both linear and nonlinear relationships, makes it a suitable candidate as a measure of cross-frequency interactions. The resulting value is measured in an absolute scale which provides a framework for comparison across studies. A number of methods have been proposed for measuring CFC each with its own benefits and caveats.
We show that the Mutual Information can quantify phase amplitude cross-frequency interactions on an absolute scale. This method performs at least as well as other CFC measures in identifying the presence of CFC, while not being restricted to linear interactions. Furthermore, it is robust to phase shifts between the low-frequency signal and the amplitude of the high-frequency signal, making it less prone to produce false negative results. Applying the method to experimental data shows apparent CFC interactions between the 1-4Hz band in the LGN and the 10-20Hz and 31-35Hz bands in V1.
Canolty R, Knight R: The functional role of cross-frequency coupling. Trends in Cog Sci. 2010, 14 (11): 506-515.
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Ardila-Jimenez, S.C., Tang, J. & Schultz, S.R. An information theoretic measure of cross-frequency coupling. BMC Neurosci 16, P224 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2202-16-S1-P224
- Mutual Information
- False Negative Result
- Nonlinear Relationship
- Vector Length
- Ideal Measure