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Synaptic transmission of spike trains with arbitrary interspike intervals
BMC Neuroscience volume 16, Article number: P205 (2015)
Short-term synaptic depression, caused by depletion of releasable neurotransmitter vesicles, modulates the strength of neuronal connections in an activity-dependent manner [1, 2]. Quantifying the statistics of this form of synaptic transmission requires the development of stochastic models linking probabilistic neurotransmitter release with the spike-train statistics of the presynaptic population [3, 4]. A common approach has been to model the presynaptic spike train as either regular or a memory-less Poisson process  - few analytical results are available that describe the behaviour of a depressing synapse when the afferent spike train has more complex, temporally correlated statistics.
Recently, we have derived a series of results that allow for the fraction of occupied release sites and the neurotransmitter release probability to be calculated for a presynaptic spike train with arbitrary interspike interval (ISI) statistics. The results take a particularly compact form when the presynaptic spike times are generated by a renewal process, i.e. when the ISIs are independent. This encompasses a broad range of models that are currently used for circuit and network analyses, including the class of integrate-and-fire models. Our approach also allows for the postsynaptic voltage mean and variance to be calculated, which in turn allows for an approximation of the firing rate of a neuron driven by depressing synapses from non-Poissonian presynaptic neurons (Figure 1).
These results will allow for the incorporation of more complex and physiologically relevant firing patterns into future analytic studies of neuronal circuits and networks.
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Bird, A.D., Richardson, M.J. Synaptic transmission of spike trains with arbitrary interspike intervals. BMC Neurosci 16, P205 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2202-16-S1-P205
- Synaptic Transmission
- Spike Train
- Neurotransmitter Release
- Firing Pattern
- Spike Time