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Discrete cortical representations and their stability in the presence of synaptic turnover

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Population imaging in mouse auditory cortex revealed clustering of neural responses to brief complex sounds: the activity of a local population typically falls close to one out of a small number of observed states [1]. These clusters appear to group sets of auditory stimuli into a discrete set of activity patterns and could thereby form the basis for representations of sound categories. However, to be useful for the brain, such representations should be robust against fluctuations in the underlying circuitry, which are significant even in the absences of any explicit learning paradigm [2]. Here we introduce a novel firing rate based circuit model of mouse auditory cortex to study the emergence of the observed activity cluster states and their structural stability in the presence of synaptic noise. We find that generic random networks by virtue of their inhibitory recurrent connectivity can group complex sounds spontaneously into essentially discrete sets of activity states. Moreover, these states can display high degrees of stability, even when modifying a substantial fraction of synaptic connections, as long as the basic statistics of connectivity is maintained. We use the insights gained from the analysis of our model to interpret data gathered in a parallel effort, employing chronic two-photon imaging of population activity in the auditory cortex of awake mice.

References

  1. 1.

    Bathellier B, Ushakova L, Rumpel S: Discrete neocortical dynamics predict behavioral categorization of sounds. Neuron. 2012, 76 (2): 435-49.

  2. 2.

    Loewenstein Y, Kuras A, Rumpel S: Multiplicative dynamics underlie the emergence of the log-normal distribution of spine sizes in the neocortex in vivo. J Neurosci. 2011, 31 (26): 9481-8.

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Correspondence to Bastian Eppler.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Keywords

  • Firing Rate
  • Auditory Cortex
  • Random Network
  • Cluster State
  • Synaptic Connection