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The intrinsic and synaptic responsiveness of a new realistic Purkinje cell model

The latest discoveries on Purkinje cell (PC) physiology suggest that the mechanisms of PCs intrinsic excitability have to be revisited. Starting from available models [1], we have constructed a new PC model in Python-NEURON, which explicitly accounts for the Axon Initial Segment (AIS) [24] and a part of the axon including the first node of Ranvier (RVN). The fast Na+ channels are located in AIS, soma with initial dendrite and RVN [4]. The K+ delayed rectifier channels are located only in the soma. The Ca2+ and Ca2+-dependent K+ channels, including SK2, as well as intracellular Ca2+ dynamics have been updated [5]. The new model configuration now generates simple spike (SS) firing reproducing the experimental input-output curve[6]. SSs initiate in AIS and then back-propagate into the soma decaying sharply inside the dendritic tree. Activation of parallel fiber (pf) generates a short burst followed by a pause caused by Stellate cells. Following a complex spike (CS), SS activity is interrupted independently of the inhibitory synaptic input. Interestingly, the model can shift its state from silent to autorhythmic (configuring a bistable behavior) upon transient current injection or activation of CFs. The pf and granule cell ascending axon (aa) synapses have been modeled using a stochastic release mechanism activating AMPA synaptic receptors. The facilitation and depression profiles of pf and aa synapses faithfully reproduce the experimental data. This model provides a valuable tool to further investigate the Purkinje cell function in cerebellar network models.

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Correspondence to Stefano Masoli.

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Keywords

  • Purkinje Cell
  • Axon Initial Segment
  • Complex Spike
  • Bistable Behavior
  • Intrinsic Excitability