Oscillations and chaos in the dynamics of the BCM learning rule
BMC Neuroscience volume 14, Article number: P285 (2013)
The BCM learning rule originally arose from experiments intended for measuring the selectivity of neurons in the primary visual cortex, and it dependence on input stimuli. This learning rule incorporates a dynamic LTP threshold, which depends on the time averaged postsynaptic activity. Although the BCM learning rule has been well studied and some experimental evidence of neuronal adherence has been found in the other areas of the brain, including the hippocampus, there is still much to be known about the dynamic behavior of this learning rule.
The dynamics of BCM cell can be described as follows:
where is an input stimulus pattern, and is the synaptic weights. The postsynaptic activity is computed as , and is a "sliding" threshold for the postsynaptic activity. and are constants.
In this work, a mean-field version of the BCM learning rule is studied, and it is shown that if the synaptic weights and the postsynaptic activity threshold share similar time scales, then it is possible to obtain complex dynamics. It is also shown that there exist periodic orbits for certain parametric regions of stimulus orientation and time-scale factor, as evidenced by a Hopf Bifurcation (see Figure 1). Consequently, it is discovered that the synaptic weights exhibit an oscillatory behavior in this region. A preliminary study of two BCM cells coupled by lateral inhibition yields a torus bifurcation, which tends to lead to chaos.
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Udeigwe, L.C., Ermentrout, G.B. & Munro, P.W. Oscillations and chaos in the dynamics of the BCM learning rule. BMC Neurosci 14 (Suppl 1), P285 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2202-14-S1-P285