Phase sequences in balanced recurrent networks
BMC Neuroscience volume 14, Article number: P207 (2013)
Electrophysiological recordings suggest that cortical circuits operate in a regime where the excitatory and inhibitory currents received by individual neurons are highly correlated in both time and stimulus selectivity. For such balanced input, neurons are activated by fluctuations in the input and tend to fire asynchronously and at irregular time intervals, a regime known as asynchronous irregular state.
However, transient synchronization and precise sequential firing has been observed during certain perceptual tasks or behavioral states. The neural mechanism behind these activity patterns has not yet been resolved. Here we address the problem by modeling a phase sequence embedded into a random recurrent network with sparse connectivity prand. The phase sequence as originally proposed by Donald Hebb  is a series of activity of cell assemblies connected in a feed-forward fashion. In our model, neurons representing one assembly are connected with recurrent probability prc>prand while neurons in subsequent assemblies are connected with feed-forward probability pff>prand. Each assembly has a corresponding inhibitory subpopulation to which it is recurrently connected with probability prc (see Figure 1A). Additionally, we apply an inhibitory plasticity rule that balances excitation and inhibition . The role of such inhibition is twofold: it maintains asynchronous irregular firing of the excitatory population, and it enhances the response of an excitatory assembly through balanced amplification . In the extreme case of no recurrent connectivity (prc = 0), the network resembles a synfire chain: a feed-forward network with convergent-divergent connections between subsequent groups of neurons .
In contrast to synfire chain models, the balanced recurrent network dramatically reduces the connection probability pff that is required for the propagation of activity (Figure 1B). Simulations reveal a range of parameters in which asynchronous irregular spiking coexists with reliable activation and propagation of synchronous waves.
Hebb DO: The Organization of Behavior: A Neuropsychological Theory. New York: Wiley. 1949
Vogels TP, Sprekeler H, Zenke F, Clopath C, Gerstner W: Inhibitory plasticity balances excitation and inhibition in sensory pathways and memory networks. Science. 2011, 334: 1569-1573. 10.1126/science.1211095.
Murphy BK, Miller KD: Balanced amplification: a new mechanism of selective amplification of neural activity patterns. Neuron. 2009, 61: 635-648. 10.1016/j.neuron.2009.02.005.
Diesmann M, Gewaltig MO, Aertsen A: Stable propagation of synchronous spiking in cortical neural networks. Nature. 1999, 402: 529-533. 10.1038/990101.
Supported by BMBF grants no. 01GQ1001A and 01GQ1201.
About this article
Cite this article
Chenkov, N., Sprekeler, H. & Kempter, R. Phase sequences in balanced recurrent networks. BMC Neurosci 14 (Suppl 1), P207 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2202-14-S1-P207