Volume 14 Supplement 1

Abstracts from the Twenty Second Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting: CNS*2013

Open Access

A potential role for the cerebellar nuclei in absence seizures

  • Parimala Alva1Email author,
  • Lieke Kros2,
  • Reinoud Maex3,
  • Chris I De Zeeuw2,
  • Rod Adams1,
  • Neil Davey1,
  • Volker Steuber1 and
  • Freek E Hoebeek2
BMC Neuroscience201314(Suppl 1):P170

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2202-14-S1-P170

Published: 8 July 2013

Absence seizures are characterized by a temporary lapse of consciousness, which typically lasts up to ten seconds, and they are accompanied by spike-wave discharges (SWDs) in cerebral electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings. The oscillatory activity that underlies cortical SWDs has been shown to often originate from a specific focus that can be located in various brain regions, such as the cerebral cortex, thalamus or hippocampus [1]. Yet, the role of the cerebellum, which is anatomically connected to each of these potential foci, is unknown. Here, we used Cacna1a tottering (tg) mice, an established model for absence epilepsy characterized by a loss-of-function of calcium channels [3], to study how the cerebellar activity changes during absence seizures. Given that recent evidence shows that cerebellar Purkinje cells in tottering mice exhibit an altered expression of calcium channels [2] and structurally abnormal synapses in the cerebellar nuclei (CN), it is our hypothesis that the cerebellar output, which is dominated by neurons in the CN, changes during absence seizures.

In the present study, we analysed extracellular spike trains of CN units, and simultaneous EEG recordings, in ten awake head-restrained mice. The recordings were partitioned into equal-length segments of 900 ms and, depending on whether spike-wave discharges occurred in the EEG or not, considered as ictal or inter-ictal data. The metrics considered for analysis were the CV, CV2, firing rate and permutation entropy (PE). When a one-dimensional analysis of the metrics for ictal and inter-ictal data was conducted, it was noted that a single metric was not sufficient to differentiate between the ictal and inter-ictal data. Therefore, the three variables, CV, CV2 and PE, were combined to form two new variables, Principal Component 1 and Principal Component 2 (Figure 1), using Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The two new variables, Principal Component 1 and Principal Component 2, were then subjected to cluster analysis using K-Means clustering having two centers. Firing rate was not considered for PCA and clustering as better results were achieved while excluding it.
Figure 1

K-Means clustering showing two distinct clusters for ictal and inter-ictal data. The two variables, principal component 1 and principal component 2 are derived by PCA of CV, CV2 and PE of ictal and inter-ictal data.

The result, shown in Figure 1, depicts two distinct clusters for ictal and inter-ictal data. The confusion matrix for this data denotes true positive where predicted ictal data match actual ictal data (95.7%), true negative where predicted inter-ictal data match actual inter-ictal data (70%), false positive for actual ictal data incorrectly predicted as inter-ictal data (4.3%), and false negatives for actual inter-ictal data incorrectly predicted as ictal data (30%). The F-score achieved by this classification was 0.84. The separation between the ictal and inter-ictal data could further be improved by the application of Support Vector Machines (SVMs). We are currently using a conductance based model of a CN neuron to study which conditions can result in spike patterns associated with seizures.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Science and Technology Research Institute, University of Hertfordshire
(2)
Department of Neuroscience, Erasmus Medical Center
(3)
Department of Cognitive Sciences, École Normale Supérieure

References

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  2. Hoebeek FE, Khosrovani S, Witter L, De Zeeuw CI: Purkinje cell input to cerebellar nuclei in tottering: ultrastructure and physiology. Cerebellum. 2008, 7 (4): 547-558. 10.1007/s12311-008-0086-0.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Noebels JL, Sidman RL: Inherited epilepsy: spike-wave and focal motor seizures in the mutant mouse tottering. Science. 1979, 204 (4399): 1334-1336. 10.1126/science.572084.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Alva et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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