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Cross-talk and transitions between multiple environments in an attractor neural network model of the hippocampus

BMC Neuroscience201314 (Suppl 1) :O15

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2202-14-S1-O15

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Firing Rate
  • Neural Network Model
  • Dynamical Transition
  • External Input
  • Spatial Representation

Place cells are neurons in the hippocampus whose activity depends on the animal's location in space and are therefore thought to be crucial for spatial representation [1]. Based on the assumption that CA3 works as an attractor neural network [2] models have shown that spatially-localized attractors, corresponding to different 'environments' or 'spatial maps', can be encoded in one network [2, 3]. Transitions and cross-talks between attractors coding for different maps remain, however, poorly understood.

Motivated by a recent experiment showing bistability between competing spatial representations, paced by theta waves [4] we propose a recurrent model network, whose synaptic connections Jij sum up contributions coming from all the environments according to : 1. The contribution to Jij due to an environment vanish when the centers of the place fields of cells i & j are further away than some cut-off distance w; 2. Place fields are randomly remapped from one environment to the other. Using tools and concepts from the statistical physics of disordered systems we have solved the model and show that the network can be in one of three regimes, depending on the level of noise in the neural dynamics, T, and the number of environments, L (Figure 1A). In particular, we have found the maximal values of T and L (given the other parameters of the model e.g. the number of place cells, the average firing rate, ...) such that,spatially-localized and environment-specific activity is possible. In addition we have observed the presence of spontaneous, i.e. in the absence of external input, dynamical transitions from the activity localized in one map to the activity representative of another environment (Figure 1B). Those transitions are strongly reminiscent of those experimentally observed in [4]. The statistical features of the transitions and their dependence on the parameters of the model can be understood in great analytical details.
Figure 1
Figure 1

Properties of the model (1D-space with w = 0.05, 10% of active neurons). A. Sketch of the phase diagram. For moderate T and L the network activity is spatially localized in one of the stored maps and encode a specific location in space. For high T (strong noise) or high L (strong map interference) the activity profile spreads over the whole space, either uniformly or with rough, interference-induced ripples. B. Transitions between two stored maps (symbolized with blue and red colors) during a Monte Carlo simulation with N = 1000 neurons ; values of T and L correspond to the green spot in panel A. Insets : place-cell activity vs. place-field center locations in blue and red maps, for two instants indicated by the arrows.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, CNRS & Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris, 75005, France

References

  1. O'Keefe J, Dostrovsky J: The hippocampus as a spatial map: Preliminary evidence from unit activity in the freely-moving rat. Brain Res. 1971, 34 (1): 171-175. 10.1016/0006-8993(71)90358-1.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Tsodyks M, Sejnowski T: Associative memory and hippocampal place cells. Int J Neural Syst. 1995, 6: 81-86.Google Scholar
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  4. Jezek A, Henriksen EJ, Treves A, Moser EI, Moser MB: Theta-paced flickering between place-cell maps in the hippocampus. Nature. 2011, 478 (7368): 246-249. 10.1038/nature10439.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Rosay and Monasson; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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