- Poster presentation
- Open Access
Specifying production times in the ACT-R cognitive modeling system using evoked response potential latency
BMC Neuroscience volume 13, Article number: P62 (2012)
An Adaptive Control of Though Rational (ACT-R, ) model was built to simulate the results of an experiment that tested the relationship between brain dynamics measured with event-related potentials (ERPs) and cognitive processing associated with mathematical rule matching by having participants decide whether a presented number fit a predefined mathematical rule. Specifically, we used the latency of the N1 and P3 ERP components to assess differences in time to perceptual encoding  and context updating  respectively across three numerical rule matching conditions: Negative (press a button if the number is negative), Odd (press if the number is odd), and Complex (press if the number is negative and greater than -6 or greater than 5). First, it was hypothesized that participants would take an equal amount of time to perceptually encode a number regardless of rule difficulty and therefore N1 latency would be unchanged across levels of rule complexity. Second, it was hypothesized that P3 latency would be longer with more difficult rules since updating contextual memory cannot occur until the participant classified the stimulus as following or not following the rule. The results of the study supported these hypotheses showing that N1 latency did not change based on rule, whereas P3 latency increased with rule complexity (Figure 1).
Using the same method as had been previously established , model building consisted of determining the necessary productions (i.e., mental steps in ACT-R), arranging the productions, and assigning production times to simulate the timing of the cognitive correlates of the ERPs. This process specified production times in ACT-R that may be used in new models instead of relying on default and arbitrary assignment of production times.
Anderson JR, Lebiere C: The Atomic Components of Thought. 1998, Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum
Skrandies W, Rammsayer T: The perception of temporal structure and auditory evoked brain activity. Bio Psych. 1995, 40: 267-280. 10.1016/0301-0511(95)05119-U.
Donchin E, Coles MGH: Is the P300 component a manifestation of context updating?. Beh Brain Sci. 1988, 11: 357-374. 10.1017/S0140525X00058027.
Cassenti DN, Kerick SE, McDowell K: Observing and modeling cognitive events through event related potentials and ACT-R. Cog Sys Res. 2011, 12: 56-65. 10.1016/j.cogsys.2010.01.002.