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Interrelation between binocular disparity and other feature maps of V1 using Kohonen’s SOFM algorithm

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Visual cortex possesses features such as binocular disparity (DP), ocular dominance (OD), orientation preference (OR), direction preference (DS), and spatial frequency. Neurophysiological studies have explored the existence of orthogonal relationship between local maps of DP and OD at visual cortex sites having vertical/near vertical OR [1]. No experimental studies relate DP map with: (i) OD map at sites other than vertical/near vertical OR, (ii) pinwheel singularities of OR map, and (iii) DS map. We have studied relationship of DP with other features maps such as OR, OD and DS, by jointly developing DP, OR, OD and DS feature maps using Kohonen’s self-organising feature map (SOFM) algorithm. Existing models using Kohenen’s algorithm implements feature maps of visual cortex as: (i) combined OR and OD [2], and (ii) combined OR and DS [3]. No model maps till date have attempted to model DP jointly with OR, OD and DS feature maps of visual cortex.

We use VMratio to measure interaction between DP and OD maps. VMratio is peak to baseline value of fitted von Mises function to histogram distribution of gradient direction differences between DP and OD maps. VMratio>3 indicates high interaction and VM-ratio < 2 indicates no interaction [1]. The gradient direction difference at which von Mises function peaks, defines the angle of crossing between DP and OD contours.

Indeed in our simulated maps, DP contour crosses OD contour orthogonally having a range from 45° to 135° with median near 90° (VMratio > 3), for vertical/near vertical OR portions/sites. DP contour crosses OD contour having a range from 0° to 45° with median near 22.5° (VMratio > 3), for horizontal/near horizontal OR portions/sites. DP map shows no relationship with: (i) pinwheel singularities of OR map (see Table 1) and (ii) DS map.

Table 1 Statistics of DP vs Pinwheel singularities.

Conclusions

Our jointly modelled DP, OR, OD, and DS maps captures experimentally observed relationship among them [1, 46]. We believe that ours is the first model that yields combined DP, OR, OD, and DS maps.

References

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Author information

Correspondence to M Sultan M Siddiqui.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Siddiqui, M.S.M., Garg, M.K. & Bhaumik, B. Interrelation between binocular disparity and other feature maps of V1 using Kohonen’s SOFM algorithm. BMC Neurosci 11, P81 (2010) doi:10.1186/1471-2202-11-S1-P81

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Keywords

  • Spatial Frequency
  • Visual Cortex
  • Orientation Preference
  • Direction Preference
  • High Interaction