Optimization of sensory stimulation for neuronal population activity
© Montejo et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010
Published: 20 July 2010
The studies of the relationship between the cortical responses and the sensory stimuli can greatly benefit from an Information Theory approach, which quantifies the information conveyed by the neuronal response about the stimulus set. Within this approach, one can select a set of stimuli called the ‘optimal sensory ensemble’ that maximizes the mutual information between the stimuli and the neuronal response. An adaptive algorithm [1, 2] and  allows one to solve this problem in an iterative manner.
Based on previous works, we have constructed a model of cortical network  in order to generalize the application of adaptive algorithm, from single cell  to the activity of populations of cortical neurons. The network is controlled by afferent connectivity from thalamus. This connectivity is described by a Poisson process with a rate depending on time. The procedure of off-line optimization of sensory stimuli is applied both to cortical network model and experimental data of sensory cortex (activity of single units from somatosensory cortex and multi-units from auditory cortex). In all cases, the stimulus has two control parameters: modulation and amplitude of external input for network model, frequency and locations for tactile stimulus and intensity and frequency for auditory stimulus.
In the network model we obtained an optimal stimulus that corresponds to low spiking rate, which corresponds to the maximal information carried when the spontaneous activity is lightly influenced by the stimulation. This behavior is also founded in the optimization of single unit from somatosensory cortex, where the optimal stimulus is not in receptive field of this cell. In contrast, this result is different for multi-units from auditory cortex, where the region recorded cover many receptive fields.
We show that the optimization procedure should be adapted to the case of multi-unit recordings to define the ‘optimal sensory ensemble’ based on specific parameters of the activity of populations of cortical cells. The developed algorithms can be are used to explore the process of sensory information integration in sensory cortex, and stimulation procedures aimed at improving the adaptive reorganization, for example, of maps following spinal cord lesions or auditory trauma.
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