Skip to main content

Altered information transfer in neuronal networks marks pathology

Understanding how information flowing in neuronal networks is encoded by populations of neurons is a fundamental problem in neuroscience. Brains and neuronal networks must at the same time store information about the world and react to information in the world. We used simulations of neocortical columns to measure how the activity of the network alters information flow and related this to experimental data from animal models of epilepsy and schizophrenia. In our simulations, we found that networks with greater internal connectivity reduced information flow from inputs to outputs, measured by normalized transfer entropy [1]. With no internal connectivity, the feed-forward network transformed inputs through nonlinear summation and thresholding. With greater connectivity strength, the recurrent network translated activity and information due to contribution of activity from intrinsic network dynamics. This dynamic contribution amounted to added information coming from the network.

Gradual reduction in information flow-through with increased internal weight was asymptotic. At one extreme, the highly interconnected network was epileptic and any input ignited a seizure [2]. Such networks no longer accepted external information and no longer coordinated well with other brain areas. These types of networks also had more stereotyped activity patterns, with lesser information content present in the network and minimal information communicated from outside. EEG data from an animal model of epilepsy showed a similar reduction in entropy, which was also accompanied with a decrease in coordination between different brain areas.

At a lower level of dynamic pathology, abnormalities in power and coordination in gamma bands were seen, as has been noted in schizophrenia [35]. In schizophrenia, the core cognitive deficit is believed to be a problem of coordinating external and internal states to provide a coherent view of the world, and the person's relation to the world [6]. This is most evident with hallucinations, a mistaken attribution of internal activity to the external world. EEG data from an animal model of schizophrenia showed increased correlation between the power of oscillations in the gamma and beta bands, suggesting an over-reliance on internal information. This is analogous to the over reliance on internal information in our simulations of networks with overly high internal connectivity.

Our simulations provide a framework for relating aspects of epilepsy and schizophrenia to information processing. By quantifying the competing effects of internal and external information sources in simulation, we can suggest how symptoms of these disorders may be produced.


  1. Gourevitch B, Eggermont JJ: Evaluating information transfer between auditory cortical neurons. J Neurophysiol. 2007, 97: 2533-2543. 10.1152/jn.01106.2006.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Uhlrich DJ, Manning KA, O'Laughlin ML, Lytton WW: Photic-induced sensitization: acquisition of an augmenting spike-wave response in the adult rat through repeated strobe exposure. J Neurophysiol. 2005, 94: 3925-3937. 10.1152/jn.00724.2005.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Uhlhaas PJ, Linden DE, Singer W, Haenschel C, Lindner M, Maurer K, Rodriguez E: Dysfunctional long-range coordination of neural activity during gestalt perception in schizophrenia. J Neurosci. 2006, 26: 8168-8175. 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2002-06.2006.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Uhlhaas PJ, Singer W: Neural synchrony in brain disorders: relevance for cognitive dysfunctions and pathophysiology. Neuron. 2006, 52: 155-168. 10.1016/j.neuron.2006.09.020.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. Spencer KM, Nestor PG, Niznikiewicz MA, Salisbury DF, Shenton ME, Carley RW: Abnormal neural synchrony in schizophrenia. J Neurosci. 2003, 23: 7407-7411.

    PubMed Central  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Phillips WA, Silverstein SM: Convergence of biological and psychological perspectives on cognitive coordination in schizophrenia. Behav Brain Sci. 2003, 26: 65-82. discussion 82-137

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references


Research supported by National Institute of Mental Health R01MHO84038), National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke R24NSO64474, NIH grants MHO82417 and MHO57068.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Samuel A Neymotin.

Rights and permissions

Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Neymotin, S.A., Lee, H., Park, E. et al. Altered information transfer in neuronal networks marks pathology. BMC Neurosci 11 (Suppl 1), P170 (2010).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI:


  • Schizophrenia
  • Neuronal Network
  • Gamma Band
  • Transfer Entropy
  • Stereotyped Activity