Critical adaptive control may cause scaling laws in human behavior
BMC Neuroscience volume 10, Article number: P17 (2009)
When humans perform closed-loop control tasks like in upright standing or while balancing a stick, their behavior exhibits non-Gaussian fluctuations with long-tailed distributions [1, 2]. The origin of these fluctuations is not known, but their statistics suggests a fine-tuning of the underlying system to a critical point . We investigated whether self-tuning may be caused by the annihilation of local predictive information due to success of control . We found that this mechanism can lead to critical noise amplification, a fundamental principle that produces complex dynamics even in very low-dimensional state estimation tasks. It generally emerges when an unstable dynamical system becomes stabilized by an adaptive controller that has a finite memory . It is also compatible with control based on optimal recursive Bayesian estimation of a varying hidden parameter. Starting from this theory, we developed a realistic model of adaptive closed-loop control by including constraints on memory and delays. To test this model, we performed psychophysical experiments where humans balanced an unstable target on a computer screen. It turned out, that the model reproduces the long tails of the distributions together with other characteristics of the human control dynamics. Fine-tuning the model to match the experimental dynamics identifies parameters characterizing a subjects control system which can be independently tested. Our results suggest that the nervous system involved in closed-loop motor control nearly optimally estimates system parameters on-line from very short epochs of past observations.
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Patzelt, F., Pawelzik, K. Critical adaptive control may cause scaling laws in human behavior. BMC Neurosci 10 (Suppl 1), P17 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2202-10-S1-P17