Bayesian estimation of the time-varing rate and irregularity of neuronal firing
BMC Neuroscience volume 10, Article number: O6 (2009)
Spike trains generated by cortical neurons possess specific characteristics such as firing irregularity (see Figure 1A) other than the firing rate. Recently, our study revealed that the firing irregularity is rather specific to individual neurons and invariant with the time and the modulation of firing rate by using a metric for analyzing the time-local irregularity of spike events [1, 2]. On the other hand, it was also reported that the firing irregularity varied significantly according to behavioral contexts in some other cortical area . Therefore, we wish to examine how easily the firing irregularity is varied with the firing rate more systematically. For this purpose, we developed a Bayesian estimation method that allows us to estimate both the instantaneous rate and irregularity for a given spike sequence . In our new framework, we first consider the stochastic process of generating spikes under a given rate and irregularity, and then invert the conditional probability distribution to infer the rate and the irregularity from the data.
We applied our new method to the experimentally recorded spike data taken from Neural Signal Archive  (see Figure 1B), and revealed that there is a systematic correlation between firing rate and firing irregularity, and that the degree of the variability in the firing irregularity greatly depends on the cortical areas.
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This study was supported in part by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research to SS from the MEXT Japan. TS is supported by the Research Fellowship of the JSPS for Young Scientists.
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Shimokawa, T., Shinomoto, S. Bayesian estimation of the time-varing rate and irregularity of neuronal firing. BMC Neurosci 10 (Suppl 1), O6 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2202-10-S1-O6