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Table 1 Mean ± SD plantar temperatures (°C) and vibration perception thresholds (VPT, µm) for the first Metatarsal head (Met I) comparing all three temperature stages (25, 12, 0 °C)

From: Effects of hypothermically reduced plantar skin inputs on anticipatory and compensatory balance responses

  25 °C 12 °C 0 °C
Met I VPT (µm) Temp (°C) VPT (µm) Temp (°C) VPT (µm) Temp (°C)
Mean ± SD 0.7 ± 0.4∆,□ 25.1 ± 0.6a,b 1.8 ± 0.7∆, 13.5 ± 1.0a,c 3.1 ± 1.8□, 5.5 ± 1.8b,c
  1. Significant differences are marked with superscripted symbols
  2. Significant differences: VPT:  p < 0.001;  p = 0.001; p = 0.049; Temp: a p = 0.006; b p = 0.002; c p = 0.006