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Table 8 Group comparisons for three time epochs of the LAN in the syntactic condition

From: The influence of language deprivation in early childhood on L2 processing: An ERP comparison of deaf native signers and deaf signers with a delayed language acquisition

Group comparisons LAN Time epoch
groups effects 300–366 ms 367–432 ms 433–500 msv 66 ms each
  F p F p F p F p
EGL/LSL GR,CO 0.282 0.602 0.168 0.687 0.023 0.881 0.120 0.732
  GR,CO,HE 1.420 0.249 7.835 0.012 5.235 0.034 21.322 < 0.001
  GR,CO,CL 0.273 0.732 1.023 0.376 1.035 0.375 0.273 0.808
  GR,CO,HE,CL 1.454 0.244 2.281 0.100 2.111 0.119 5.296 0.003
  F p F p F p F p
EGL/ESL GR,CO 0.330 0.573 0.107 0.748 1.215 0.285 0.740 0.401
  GR,CO,HE 0.743 0.400 9.504 0.006 0.581 0.456 5.671 0.028
  GR,CO,CL 0.990 0.372 0.690 0.531 0.627 0.550 1.934 0.155
  GR,CO,HE,CL 0.725 0.487 1.370 0.266 0.204 0.825 0.619 0.551
   F p F p F p F p
LSL/ESL GR,CO 0.001 0.975 0.379 0.548 0.693 0.419 1.290 0.275
  GR,CO,HE 2.125 0.167 0.162 0.693 3.601 0.079 8.493 0.011
  GR,CO,CL 0.765 0.465 0.188 0.855 0.309 0.756 2.283 0.115
  GR,CO,HE,CL 2.362 0.097 0.551 0.630 1.405 0.261 3.987 0.017
  1. GR: Group, CO: Condition, HE: Hemisphere, CL: Cluster; p < 0.05; p < 0.01; p < 0.001; EGL: hearing early German language learners, ESL: deaf early sign language learners, LSL: deaf late sign language learners.