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  1. Tasks involving conflict are widely used to study executive attention. In the flanker task, a target stimulus is surrounded by distracting information that can be congruent or incongruent with the correct resp...

    Authors: M Rosario Rueda, Michael I Posner, Mary K Rothbart and Clintin P Davis-Stober
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:39
  2. While it is well known that bradykinin B2 agonists increase plasma protein extravasation (PPE) in brain tumors, the bradykinin B1 agonists tested thus far are unable to produce this effect. Here we examine the...

    Authors: Ronie Cleverson Cardoso, Bruno Lobão-Soares, Marino Muxfeldt Bianchin, Carlos Gilberto Carlotti Jr, Roger Walz, Márcio Alvarez-Silva, Andréa Gonçalves Trentin and Mauro Nicolau
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:38
  3. Microvascular alterations contribute to the development of stroke and vascular dementia. The goal of this study was to evaluate age and hypertension related changes of the basal lamina in cerebral microvessels...

    Authors: Olga Uspenskaia, Martin Liebetrau, Jochen Herms, Adrian Danek and Gerhard F Hamann
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:37
  4. The mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) have been shown to participate in a wide array of cellular functions. A role for some MAPKs (e.g., extracellular signal-regulated kinase, Erk1/2) has been document...

    Authors: Chang-peng Shen, Yelena Tsimberg, Christopher Salvadore and Emanuel Meller
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:36
  5. To reach and grasp an object in space on the basis of its image cast on the retina requires different coordinate transformations that take into account gaze and limb positioning. Eye position in the orbit infl...

    Authors: Frédéric Andersson, Olivier Etard, Pierre Denise and Laurent Petit
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:35
  6. Hemin, the oxidized form of heme, accumulates in intracranial hematomas and is a potent oxidant. Growing evidence suggests that it contributes to delayed injury to surrounding tissue, and that this process is ...

    Authors: Raymond F Regan, Jing Chen and Luna Benvenisti-Zarom
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:34
  7. Spontaneous repair is limited after CNS injury or degeneration because neurogenesis and axonal regrowth rarely occur in the adult brain. As a result, cell transplantation has raised much interest as potential ...

    Authors: Sabine Wislet-Gendebien, Françoise Bruyère, Grégory Hans, Pierre Leprince, Gustave Moonen and Bernard Rogister
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:33
  8. In rat, deafferentation of one labyrinth (unilateral labyrinthectomy) results in a characteristic syndrome of ocular and motor postural disorders (e.g., barrel rotation, circling behavior, and spontaneous nyst...

    Authors: Adrian F Lozada, Antti A Aarnisalo, Kaj Karlstedt, Holger Stark and Pertti Panula
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:32
  9. The inferior colliculus, which receives almost all ascending and descending auditory signals, plays a crucial role in the processing of auditory information. While the majority of the recorded activities in th...

    Authors: Walaiporn Tongjaroenbungam, Nopporn Jongkamonwiwat, Joanna Cunningham, Pansiri Phansuwan-Pujito, Hilary C Dodson, Andrew Forge, Piyarat Govitrapong and Stefano O Casalotti
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:31
  10. We examine results of gain-of-function experiments on retinocollicular maps in knock-in mice [Brown et al. (2000) Cell 102:77]. In wild-type mice the temporal-nasal axis of retina is mapped to the rostral-caud...

    Authors: Alexei A Koulakov and Dmitry N Tsigankov
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:30
  11. The primary sensory cortex (S1) in the postcentral gyrus is comprised of four areas that each contain a body map, where the representation of the hand is located with the thumb most laterally, anteriorly and i...

    Authors: Danielle van Westen, Peter Fransson, Johan Olsrud, Birgitta Rosén, Göran Lundborg and Elna-Marie Larsson
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:28
  12. As development proceeds the human embryo attains an ever more complex three dimensional (3D) structure. Analyzing the gene expression patterns that underlie these changes and interpreting their significance de...

    Authors: Janet Kerwin, Mark Scott, James Sharpe, Luis Puelles, Stephen C Robson, Margaret Martínez-de-la-Torre, Jose Luis Ferran, Guangjie Feng, Richard Baldock, Tom Strachan, Duncan Davidson and Susan Lindsay
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:27
  13. Activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) type glutamate receptors is essential in triggering various forms of synaptic plasticity. A critical issue is to what extent such plasticity involves persistent change...

    Authors: Mikhail Dozmorov, Rui Li, Hui-Ping Xu, Barbro Jilderos and Holger Wigström
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:26
  14. The channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, is invested with a high density of cutaneous taste receptors, particularly on the barbel appendages. Many of these receptors are sensitive to selected amino acids, one of...

    Authors: William Grosvenor, Yuri Kaulin, Andrew I Spielman, Douglas L Bayley, D Lynn Kalinoski, John H Teeter and Joseph G Brand
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:25
  15. In fish, melanin pigment granules in the retinal pigment epithelium disperse into apical projections as part of the suite of responses the eye makes to bright light conditions. This pigment granule dispersion ...

    Authors: Alfredo González III, Elizabeth L Crittenden and Dana M García
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:23
  16. In prior work we detected reduced anti-Aβ antibody titers in Aβ-vaccinated transgenic mice expressing the human amyloid precursor protein (APP) compared to nontransgenic littermates. We investigated this obser...

    Authors: Qingyou Li, Chuanhai Cao, Bryce Chackerian, John Schiller, Marcia Gordon, Kenneth E Ugen and Dave Morgan
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:21
  17. Although previous studies suggest that postural control requires attention and other cognitive resources, the central mechanisms responsible for this relationship remain unclear. To address this issue, we exam...

    Authors: Sylvia Quant, Allan L Adkin, W Richard Staines, Brian E Maki and William E McIlroy
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:18
  18. Huntington's disease (HD) is a hereditary neurodegenerative disorder caused by an expanded CAG repeat in the HD gene. Both excitotoxicity and oxidative stress have been proposed to play important roles in the pat...

    Authors: Joana MAC Gil, Marcel Leist, Natalija Popovic, Patrik Brundin and Åsa Petersén
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:17
  19. Conserved proteins preferentially expressed in synaptic terminals of the nervous system are likely to play a significant role in brain function. We have previously identified and molecularly characterized the Sap...

    Authors: Natalja Funk, Sonja Becker, Saskia Huber, Marion Brunner and Erich Buchner
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:16
  20. Interruption of mature axons activates a cascade of events in neuronal cell bodies which leads to various outcomes from functional regeneration in the PNS to the failure of any significant regeneration in the ...

    Authors: Sebastian Breuer, Katrin Pech, Armin Buss, Christoph Spitzer, Juris Ozols, Elly M Hol, Nicole Heussen, Johannes Noth, Franz-Werner Schwaiger and Andreas B Schmitt
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:15
  21. Human brain activity in the gamma frequency range has been shown to be a correlate of numerous cognitive functions like attention, perception and memory access. More specifically, gamma activity has been found...

    Authors: Christoph S Herrmann, Daniel Lenz, Stefanie Junge, Niko A Busch and Burkhard Maess
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:13
  22. Apoptosis is important for normal cerebral cortical development. We previously showed that the Fas suicide receptor was expressed within the developing cerebral cortex, and that in vitro Fas activation resulted i...

    Authors: Zulfiqar F Cheema, Daniel R Santillano, Stephen B Wade, Joseph M Newman and Rajesh C Miranda
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:11
  23. The neurological complications of HIV infection remain poorly understood. Clinically, in vivo 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) demonstrates brain injury caused by HIV infection even when the MRI is normal...

    Authors: Robert A Fuller, Susan V Westmoreland, Eva Ratai, Jane B Greco, John P Kim, Margaret R Lentz, Julian He, Prabhat K Sehgal, Eliezer Masliah, Elkan Halpern, Andrew A Lackner and R Gilberto González
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:10
  24. Many changes in gene expression occur in distal stumps of injured nerves but the transcriptional control of these events is poorly understood. We have examined the expression of the transcription factors ATF3 ...

    Authors: David Hunt, Kismet Hossain-Ibrahim, Matthew RJ Mason, Robert S Coffin, AR Lieberman, Julia Winterbottom and PN Anderson
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:9
  25. Tinnitus is an auditory sensation frequently following hearing loss. After cochlear injury, deafferented neurons become sensitive to neighbouring intact edge-frequencies, guiding an enhanced central representa...

    Authors: Nathan Weisz, Sandra Voss, Patrick Berg and Thomas Elbert
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:8
  26. Early stages in the excitation cascade of Limulus photoreceptors are mediated by activation of Gq by rhodopsin, generation of inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate by phospholipase-C and the release of Ca2+. At the end of...

    Authors: Alexander V Garger, Edwin A Richard and John E Lisman
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:7
  27. Growth hormone (GH) plays an incompletely understood role in the development of the central nervous system (CNS). In this study, we use transgenic mice expressing a growth hormone antagonist (GHA) to explore t...

    Authors: DL McIlwain, VB Hoke, JJ Kopchick, CR Fuller and PK Lund
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:6
  28. Inactivating genes in vivo is an important technique for establishing their function in the adult nervous system. Unfortunately, conventional knockout mice may suffer from several limitations including embryon...

    Authors: Bushra Y Ahmed, Sridhara Chakravarthy, Ruben Eggers, Wim TJMC Hermens, Jing Ying Zhang, Simone P Niclou, Christiaan Levelt, Fred Sablitzky, Patrick N Anderson, AR Lieberman and Joost Verhaagen
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:4
  29. SLOB binds to and modulates the activity of the Drosophila Slowpoke (dSlo) calcium activated potassium channel. Recent microarray analyses demonstrated circadian cycling of slob mRNA.

    Authors: Angela M Jaramillo, Xiangzhong Zheng, Yi Zhou, Defne A Amado, Amanda Sheldon, Amita Sehgal and Irwin B Levitan
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:3
  30. The adenine nucleotide translocator 1 (Ant1) is an inner mitochondrial membrane protein involved with energy mobilization during oxidative phosphorylation. We recently showed that rodent Ant1 is upregulated by...

    Authors: Alick KT Law, Deepak Gupta, Shawn Levy, Douglas C Wallace, Robert J McKeon and Charles R Buck
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2004 5:1
  31. To determine whether early imitative responses fade out following the maturation of attentional mechanisms, the relationship between primitive imitation behaviors and the development of attention was examined ...

    Authors: Atsuko Nakagawa, Masune Sukigara and Oana Benga
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2003 4:33
  32. Recent data indicate that excitotoxicity of high levels of neurotransmitter glutamate may be mediated via programmed cell death (apoptosis) and that it can be prevented in HT22 mouse hippocampal cells by vario...

    Authors: YueMei Zhang, XiaoFeng Lu and Bhagu R Bhavnani
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2003 4:32
  33. To understand the functioning of distributed networks such as the brain, it is important to characterize their ability to integrate information. The paper considers a measure based on effective information, a ...

    Authors: Giulio Tononi and Olaf Sporns
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2003 4:31
  34. Nodes of Ranvier correspond to specialized axonal domains where voltage-gated sodium channels are highly concentrated. In the peripheral nervous system, they are covered by Schwann cells microvilli, where thre...

    Authors: Laurence Goutebroze, Michèle Carnaud, Natalia Denisenko, Marie-Claude Boutterin and Jean-Antoine Girault
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2003 4:29
  35. L-glutamate, an excitatory neurotransmitter, binds to both ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors. In certain parts of the brain the BBB contains two normally impermeable barriers: 1) cerebral endothe...

    Authors: Christopher D Sharp, M Fowler, TH Jackson IV, J Houghton, A Warren, A Nanda, I Chandler, B Cappell, A Long, A Minagar and JS Alexander
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2003 4:28
  36. We have developed a culture system for the efficient and directed differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (HESCs) to neural precursors and neurons.

    Authors: Thomas C Schulz, Gail M Palmarini, Scott A Noggle, Deborah A Weiler, Maisam M Mitalipova and Brian G Condie
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2003 4:27
  37. Experiencing emotions engages high-order orbitofrontal and medial prefrontal areas, and expressing emotions involves low-level autonomic structures and peripheral organs. How is information from the cortex tra...

    Authors: Helen Barbas, Subhash Saha, Nancy Rempel-Clower and Troy Ghashghaei
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2003 4:25
  38. Hibernation is a state of extremely reduced physiological functions and a deep depression of CNS activity. We have previously shown that the histamine levels increase in the brain during hibernation, as does t...

    Authors: Tina Sallmen, Adrian F Lozada, Oleg V Anichtchik, Alexander L Beckman and Pertti Panula
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2003 4:24
  39. Stargazin (γ2) and the closely related γ3, and γ4 transmembrane proteins are part of a family of proteins that may act as both neuronal voltage-dependent calcium channel (VDCC) γ subunits and transmembrane α-amin...

    Authors: Fraser J Moss, Annette C Dolphin and Jeffrey J Clare
    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2003 4:23

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