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  1. It is well known that both semantic and syntactic information play a role in pronoun resolution in sentences. However, it is unclear what the relative contribution of these sources of information is for the es...

    Authors: Monique JA Lamers, Bernadette M Jansma, Anke Hammer and Thomas F Münte

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:23

    Content type: Research article

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  2. It has been estimated that more than 50% of patients with Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) have neurobehavioral impairments which include attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, visual/spatial learning disabil...

    Authors: Elizabeth A Donarum, Rebecca F Halperin, Dietrich A Stephan and Vinodh Narayanan

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:22

    Content type: Research article

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  3. 10 Hz electroencephalographic (EEG) alpha rhythms correlate with memory performance. Alpha and memory decline in older people. We wished to test if alpha-like EEG activity contributes to memory formation. Flic...

    Authors: Jonathan Williams, Deepa Ramaswamy and Abderrahim Oulhaj

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:21

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Repeated exposure to psychostimulants results in a progressive and long-lasting facilitation of the locomotor response that is thought to have implications for addiction. Psychostimulants and other drugs of ab...

    Authors: Emmanuel Valjent, Jean-Christophe Corvol, James M Trzaskos, Jean-Antoine Girault and Denis Hervé

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:20

    Content type: Research article

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  5. ADAM11 is a member of the ADAM gene family and is mainly expressed in the nervous system. It is thought to be an adhesion molecule, since it has a disintegrin-like domain related to cell-cell or cell-matrix in...

    Authors: Eiki Takahashi, Koji Sagane, Tohru Oki, Kazuto Yamazaki, Takeshi Nagasu and Junro Kuromitsu

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:19

    Content type: Research article

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  6. A new method has been used to obtain human sensory evoked-responses whose time-domain waveforms have been undetectable by previous methods. These newly discovered evoked-responses have durations that exceed th...

    Authors: Don L Jewett, Toryalai Hart, Linda J Larson-Prior, Bill Baird, Marram Olson, Michael Trumpis, Katherine Makayed and Payam Bavafa

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:18

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Previous studies indicate that light information reaches the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) through a subpopulation of retinal ganglion cells that contain both glutamate and pituitary adenylyl cyclase activatin...

    Authors: Stephan Michel, Jason Itri, Jung H Han, Kathryn Gniotczynski and Christopher S Colwell

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:15

    Content type: Research article

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  8. It has recently been demonstrated that the fate of adult cells is not restricted to their tissues of origin. In particular, it has been shown that bone marrow stem cells can give rise to cells of different tis...

    Authors: Franca Scintu, Camilla Reali, Rita Pillai, Manuela Badiali, Maria Adele Sanna, Francesca Argiolu, Maria Serafina Ristaldi and Valeria Sogos

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:14

    Content type: Research article

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  9. 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; ecstasy) is known for its toxicological, psychopathological and abuse potential. Some environmental conditions, e.g. acoustic stimulation typical of the "rave scene" ca...

    Authors: Michelangelo Iannone, Stefania Bulotta, Donatella Paolino, Maria Cristina Zito, Santo Gratteri, Francesco S Costanzo and Domenicantonio Rotiroti

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:13

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Differentiation of the brain during development leads to sexually dimorphic adult reproductive behavior and other neural sex dimorphisms. Genetic mechanisms independent of steroid hormones produced by the gona...

    Authors: Birger Scholz, Kim Kultima, Anna Mattsson, Jeanette Axelsson, Björn Brunström, Krister Halldin, Michael Stigson and Lennart Dencker

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:12

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The present study was conducted to determine the location, the morphology and distribution of NADPH-diaphorase positive neurons in the cardiac nerve plexus of the atria of mice (ASn). This plexus lies over the...

    Authors: Laura Beatriz Mesiano Maifrino, Edson Aparecido Liberti, Patrícia Castelucci and Romeu Rodrigues De Souza

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:10

    Content type: Research article

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  12. SNAP-25 is a synaptic protein known to be involved in exocytosis of synaptic vesicles in neurons and of large dense-core vesicles in neuroendocrine cells. Its role in exocytosis has been studied in SNAP-25 kno...

    Authors: Anne L Cahill, Bruce E Herring and Aaron P Fox

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:9

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Inflammation around cell bodies of primary sensory neurons and retinal ganglion cells enhances expression of neuronal growth-associated genes and stimulates axonal regeneration. We have asked if inflammation w...

    Authors: MK Hossain-Ibrahim, K Rezajooi, JK MacNally, MRJ Mason, AR Lieberman and PN Anderson

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:8

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Contrast enhancement within primary stimulus representations is a common feature of sensory systems that regulates the discrimination of similar stimuli. Whereas most sensory stimulus features can be mapped on...

    Authors: Thomas A Cleland and Praveen Sethupathy

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:7

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) belongs to a polypeptide family containing five additional members called HDGF related proteins 1–4 (HRP-1 to -4) and Lens epithelial derived growth factor. Whereas some f...

    Authors: Heba M El-Tahir, Frank Dietz, Ralf Dringen, Kerstin Schwabe, Karen Strenge, Sørge Kelm, Mekky M Abouzied, Volkmar Gieselmann and Sebastian Franken

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:6

    Content type: Research article

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  16. NF-κB binds to the κB motif to regulate transcription of genes involved in growth, immunity and inflammation, and plays a pivotal role in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines after nerve injuries. The ...

    Authors: Lai-Chu Wu, Virginia M Goettl, Francesca Madiai, Kevin V Hackshaw and Syed-Rehan A Hussain

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:4

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Carbenoxolone (CBX) is a widely used gap junctional blocker. Considering several reports indicating that transient gap junctional blockade could be a favourable intervention following injuries to central nervo...

    Authors: Yevgen Leshchenko, Sergei Likhodii, Wendy Yue, William M Burnham and Jose L Perez Velazquez

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:3

    Content type: Research article

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  18. It was recently reported that epochs of non-REM sleep (NREMS) with low muscle tone represent a partial correlate of REM sleep (REMS). To further investigate this phenomenon, episodes of restricted night-time s...

    Authors: Gilberte Tinguely, Reto Huber, Alexander A Borbély and Peter Achermann

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2006 7:2

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP) is caused by mutations in the parkin gene which encodes an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase. Parkin is thought to be critical for protecting dopaminergic neurons from ...

    Authors: Francisco A Perez, Wendy R Curtis and Richard D Palmiter

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:71

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Although octopamine has long been known to have major roles as both transmitter and modulator in arthropods, it has only recently been shown to be functionally important in molluscs, playing a role as a neurot...

    Authors: Ágnes Vehovszky, Henriette Szabó and Christopher JH Elliott

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:70

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) initiates a complex sequence of destructive and neuroprotective cellular responses. The initial mechanical injury is followed by an extended time period of secondary brain damage. ...

    Authors: Christina von Gertten, Amilcar Flores Morales, Staffan Holmin, Tiit Mathiesen and Ann-Christin Sandberg Nordqvist

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:69

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) is a multifunctional secreted protein with pleiotropic actions, including the inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), cell death/survival and growth pr...

    Authors: Crystel Ogier, Rita Creidy, José Boucraut, Paul D Soloway, Michel Khrestchatisky and Santiago Rivera

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:68

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The lateral premotor cortex plays a crucial role in visually guided limb movements. It is divided into two main regions, the dorsal (PMd) and ventral (PMv) areas, which are in turn subdivided into functionally...

    Authors: Driss Boussaoud, Judith Tanné-Gariépy, Thierry Wannier and Eric M Rouiller

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:67

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The megencephaly mouse, mceph/mceph, is epileptic and displays a dramatically increased brain volume and neuronal count. The responsible mutation was recently revealed to be an eleven base pair deletion, leading ...

    Authors: Ann-Sophie Persson, Göran Klement, Malin Almgren, Kristoffer Sahlholm, Johanna Nilsson, Susanna Petersson, Peter Århem, Martin Schalling and Catharina Lavebratt

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:65

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In the present study neurophysiological correlates related to mismatching information in lexical access were investigated with a fragment priming paradigm. Event-related brain potentials were recorded for writ...

    Authors: Claudia K Friedrich

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:64

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1 or CXCL12) is chemotaxic for CXCR4 expressing bone marrow-derived cells. It functions in brain embryonic development and in response to ischemic injury in helping guide neu...

    Authors: Jason T Miller, John H Bartley, Hereward JC Wimborne, Aisha L Walker, David C Hess, William D Hill and James E Carroll

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:63

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The cortical activity underlying the perception of vowel identity has typically been addressed by manipulating the first and second formant frequency (F1 & F2) of the speech stimuli. These two values, originat...

    Authors: Hannu Tiitinen, Anna Mari Mäkelä, Ville Mäkinen, Patrick JC May and Paavo Alku

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:62

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Permeability of the blood-brain barrier is one of the factors determining the bioavailability of therapeutic drugs and resistance to chemically different antiepileptic drugs is a consequence of decreased intra...

    Authors: Sanjay Awasthi, Kerri L Hallene, Vince Fazio, Sharad S Singhal, Luca Cucullo, Yogesh C Awasthi, Gabriele Dini and Damir Janigro

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:61

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is a potential threat to the integrity of the gastric mucosa and is known to contribute to upper abdominal pain. We have previously found that gastric mucosal challenge with excess HCl ...

    Authors: Peter Holzer, Evelin Painsipp and Rufina Schuligoi

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:60

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The fetal cortical neuroepithelium is a mosaic of distinct progenitor populations that elaborate diverse cellular fates. Ethanol induces apoptosis and interferes with the survival of differentiating neurons. H...

    Authors: Daniel R Santillano, Leena S Kumar, Terasa L Prock, Cynthia Camarillo, Joseph D Tingling and Rajesh C Miranda

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:59

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Estrogen suppresses microglial activation and extravasation of circulating monocytes in young animals, supporting an anti-inflammatory role for this hormone. However, the mechanisms underlying estrogen's anti-...

    Authors: Vanessa L Nordell, Danielle K Lewis, Shameena Bake and Farida Sohrabji

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:58

    Content type: Research article

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  32. After sub-total hemi-section of cervical cord at level C7/C8 in monkeys, the ipsilesional hand exhibited a paralysis for a couple of weeks, followed by incomplete recovery of manual dexterity, reaching a plate...

    Authors: Eric Schmidlin, Thierry Wannier, Jocelyne Bloch, Abderraouf Belhaj-Saif, Alexander F Wyss and Eric M Rouiller

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:56

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The recently discovered adult neural stem cells, which maintain continuous generation of new neuronal and glial cells throughout adulthood, are a promising and expandable source of cells for use in cell replac...

    Authors: Maria Sievertzon, Valtteri Wirta, Alex Mercer, Jonas Frisén and Joakim Lundeberg

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:55

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Epidemiological studies have associated estrogen replacement therapy with a lower risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, but a higher risk of developing breast cancer and certain cardiovascular disorders. The...

    Authors: Astrid Gutierrez-Zepeda, Ross Santell, Zhixin Wu, Marishka Brown, YanJue Wu, Ikhlas Khan, Christopher D Link, Baolu Zhao and Yuan Luo

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:54

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Plexins, known to date as receptors of semaphorins, are implicated in semaphorin-mediated axon repulsion and growth cone collapse. However, subtype-specific functions of the majority of the nine members of the...

    Authors: Christine Hartwig, Andres Veske, Sarka Krejcova, Georg Rosenberger and Ulrich Finckh

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:53

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Brevican is a member of the lectican family of aggregating extracellular matrix (ECM) proteoglycans that bear chondroitin sulfate (CS) chains. It is highly expressed in the central nervous system (CNS) and is ...

    Authors: Joanne Mayer, Michelle G Hamel and Paul E Gottschall

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:52

    Content type: Research article

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  37. While gelatinase (MMP-2 and -9) activity is increased after focal ischemia/reperfusion injury in the brain, the relative contribution of neutrophils to the MMP activity and to the development of hemorrhagic tr...

    Authors: Alex K Harris, Adviye Ergul, Anna Kozak, Livia S Machado, Maribeth H Johnson and Susan C Fagan

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:49

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Recently we reported that vibrotactile flutter stimulation of a skin locus at different amplitudes evokes an optical response confined to the same local region of the primary somatosensory cortex (SI), where i...

    Authors: Joannellyn S Chiu, Mark Tommerdahl, Barry L Whitsel and Oleg V Favorov

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:47

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Rag1 (Recombination activation gene-1) mediates genomic rearrangement and is essential for adaptive immunity in vertebrates. This gene is also expressed in the olfactory epithelium, but its function there is unkn...

    Authors: Bo Feng, Sarada Bulchand, Emre Yaksi, Rainer W Friedrich and Suresh Jesuthasan

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:46

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Notch signaling pathways are conserved across species and traditionally have been implicated in cell fate determination during embryonic development. Notch signaling components are also expressed postdevelopme...

    Authors: Michael Y Chao, Jonah Larkins-Ford, Tim M Tucey and Anne C Hart

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2005 6:45

    Content type: Research article

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