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Sensory systems

Section edited by Jiu-Lin Du

This section deals with sensory functions and sensory processing. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, gustatory and olfactory signal transduction, chemosensory circuits, phototransduction and auditory neurophysiology.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Auditory function and cochlear morphology have previously been described in a porcine model with spontaneous WS2-like phenotype. In the present study, cochlear histopathology was further investigated in the in...

    Authors: Wei Chen, Qing-Qing Hao, Li–Li Ren, Wei Ren, Hui-sang Lin, Wei-Wei Guo and Shi-Ming Yang

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:28

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In the mammalian superior olivary complex (SOC), synaptic inhibition contributes to the processing of binaural sound cues important for sound localization. Previous analyses demonstrated a tonotopic gradient f...

    Authors: Lena Ebbers, Maren Weber and Hans Gerd Nothwang

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:75

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Systemic inflammation is known to induce sickness behaviors, including decreased social interaction and pain. We have reported increased serum inflammatory cytokines in a rat model of repetitive strain injury ...

    Authors: D. L. Xin, J. Hadrévi, M. E. Elliott, M. Amin, M. Y. Harris, A. E. Barr-Gillespie and M. F. Barbe

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:36

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Oddball paradigms are frequently used to study auditory discrimination by comparing event-related potential (ERP) responses from a standard, high probability sound and to a deviant, low probability sound. Prev...

    Authors: Phillip M. Gilley, Kristin Uhler, Kaylee Watson and Christine Yoshinaga-Itano

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:34

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Primary open angle glaucoma is a heterogeneous group of optic neuropathies that results in optic nerve degeneration and a loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) ultimately causing blindness if allowed to progre...

    Authors: Nolan R. McGrady, Alena Z. Minton, Dorota L. Stankowska, Shaoqing He, Hayden B. Jefferies and Raghu R. Krishnamoorthy

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:27

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The role of the piriform cortex (PC) in olfactory information processing remains largely unknown. The anterior part of the piriform cortex (APC) has been the focus of cortical-level studies of olfactory codin...

    Authors: Junli Yang, Gerhard Litscher, Zhongren Sun, Qiang Tang, Kiyoshi Kishi, Satoko Oda, Masaaki Takayanagi, Zemin Sheng, Yang Liu, Wenhai Guo, Ting Zhang, Lu Wang, Ingrid Gaischek, Daniela Litscher, Irmgard Th. Lippe and Masaru Kuroda

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:25

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies compared evoked potentials (EPs) between several sleep stages but only one uniform wake state. However, using electroencephalography (EEG), several arousal states can be distinguished before s...

    Authors: Jue Huang, Tilman Hensch, Christine Ulke, Christian Sander, Janek Spada, Philippe Jawinski and Ulrich Hegerl

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:21

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Patients with medication-overuse headache suffer not only from chronic headache, but often from psychiatric comorbidities, such as anxiety and depression. The mechanisms underlying these comorbidities are uncl...

    Authors: Aree Wanasuntronwong, Ukkrit Jansri and Anan Srikiatkhachorn

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:1

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Transcranial focused ultrasound (FUS) is gaining momentum as a novel non-invasive brain stimulation method, with promising potential for superior spatial resolution and depth penetration compared to transcrani...

    Authors: Wonhye Lee, Yong An Chung, Yujin Jung, In-Uk Song and Seung-Schik Yoo

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:68

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Larval zebrafish, with a simple and transparent vertebrate brain composed of ~100 K neurons, is well suited for deciphering entire neural circuit activity underlying behavior. Moreover, their small body size (...

    Authors: Yiming Bai, Harrison Liu, Bo Huang, Mahendra Wagle and Su Guo

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:63

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Mechanosensitive afferents innervating the bladder increase their firing rate as the bladder fills and pressure rises. However, the relationship between afferent firing rates and intravesical pressure is not a...

    Authors: Shani E. Ross, Zachariah J. Sperry, Colin M. Mahar and Tim M. Bruns

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:57

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  12. Content type: Methodology article

    In many functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies, experimental design often depends on the eye state (i.e., whether the participants had their eyes open or closed). Closed eyes during an fMRI is th...

    Authors: Stefan Brodoehl, Otto W. Witte and Carsten M. Klingner

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:48

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Anticipatory and compensatory balance responses are used by the central nervous system (CNS) to preserve balance, hence they significantly contribute to the understanding of physiological mechanisms of postura...

    Authors: Andresa M. C. Germano, Daniel Schmidt and Thomas L. Milani

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:41

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Resiniferatoxin (RTX) is a potent analog of capsaicin and activates transient receptor potential (TRP) vanilloid type (TRPV) 1. In the current study, we investigated the preventive effect of perineural RTX on ...

    Authors: Won Uk Koh, Seong-Soo Choi, Ji Hyun Kim, Hye Joo Yoon, Ho-Soo Ahn, Sun Kyung Lee, Jeong Gil Leem, Jun Gol Song and Jin Woo Shin

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:38

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Retinal inflammation can cause retinal neural disorders. In particular, functional disorder in the cone photoreceptor system influences visual acuity. However, the underlying mechanism is not yet fully underst...

    Authors: Mamoru Kamoshita, Kaoru Fujinami, Eriko Toda, Kazuo Tsubota and Yoko Ozawa

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:32

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The magnitude of multimodal enhancement in the brain is believed to depend on the stimulus intensity and timing. Such an effect has been found in many species, but has not been previously investigated in insects.

    Authors: Anna Balkenius and Christian Balkenius

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:29

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Steady-state visual evoked potentials have been utilized widely in basic and applied research in recent years. These oscillatory responses of the visual cortex are elicited by flickering stimuli. They have th...

    Authors: Søren K. Andersen and Matthias M. Müller

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2015 16:95

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is specialized in detecting pheromone and heterospecific cues in the environment. Recent studies demonstrate the involvement of multiple ion channels in VNO signal transduction, inc...

    Authors: SangSeong Kim, Limei Ma, Jay Unruh, Sean McKinney and C. Ron Yu

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2015 16:90

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Emotional scenes and faces have shown to capture and bind visual resources at early sensory processing stages, i.e. in early visual cortex. However, emotional words have led to mixed results. In the current st...

    Authors: Sophie M. Trauer, Sonja A. Kotz and Matthias M. Müller

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2015 16:89

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  20. Content type: Software

    To study the mapping from the retina to the brain, typically a small region of the retina is injected with a dye, which then propagates to the retina’s target structures. To determine the location of the inje...

    Authors: J. J. Johannes Hjorth, Elise Savier, David C. Sterratt, Michaël Reber and Stephen J. Eglen

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2015 16:80

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Tactile adaptation is a phenomenon of the sensory system that results in temporal desensitization after an exposure to sustained or repetitive tactile stimuli. Previous studies reported psychophysical and phys...

    Authors: Yoon Gi Chung, Sang Woo Han, Hyung-Sik Kim, Soon-Cheol Chung, Jang-Yeon Park, Christian Wallraven and Sung-Phil Kim

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2015 16:71

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  22. Content type: Research article

    A myriad of studies have argued that tactile sensibility is underpinned exclusively by large myelinated mechanoreceptors. However, the functional significance of their slow-conducting counterparts, termed C-lo...

    Authors: Saad S. Nagi, James S. Dunn, Ingvars Birznieks, Richard M. Vickery and David A. Mahns

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2015 16:52

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Hair cells are important for maintaining our sense of hearing and balance. However, they are difficult to regenerate in mammals once they are lost. Clarification of the molecular mechanisms underlying inner ea...

    Authors: Akiko Taura, Hiroe Ohnishi, Shohei Ochi, Fumi Ebisu, Takayuki Nakagawa and Juichi Ito

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:121

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Notch signaling plays a crucial role in the fate determination of cochlear progenitor cells, hair cells, and supporting cells in the developing cochlea. Recent studies have demonstrated the temporal activation...

    Authors: Yosuke Tona, Kiyomi Hamaguchi, Masaaki Ishikawa, Takushi Miyoshi, Norio Yamamoto, Kohei Yamahara, Juichi Ito and Takayuki Nakagawa

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:66

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Slow-adapting type I (SA-I) afferents deliver sensory signals to the somatosensory cortex during low-frequency (or static) mechanical stimulation. It has been reported that the somatosensory projection from SA...

    Authors: Yoon Gi Chung, Sang Woo Han, Hyung-Sik Kim, Soon-Cheol Chung, Jang-Yeon Park, Christian Wallraven and Sung-Phil Kim

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:43

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The main olfactory epithelium (MOE) in mammals is a specialized organ to detect odorous molecules in the external environment. The MOE consists of four types of cells: olfactory sensory neurons, supporting cel...

    Authors: Tatsuya Yamaguchi, Junpei Yamashita, Makoto Ohmoto, Imad Aoudé, Tatsuya Ogura, Wangmei Luo, Alexander A Bachmanov, Weihong Lin, Ichiro Matsumoto and Junji Hirota

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:13

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  27. Content type: Research article

    To survive dynamic environments, it is essential for all animals to appropriately modulate their behavior in response to various stimulus intensities. For instance, the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans suppresses ...

    Authors: Jarred Sanders, Stanislav Nagy, Graham Fetterman, Charles Wright, Millet Treinin and David Biron

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2013 14:156

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Humans are able to extract regularities from complex auditory scenes in order to form perceptually meaningful elements. It has been shown previously that this process depends critically on both the temporal in...

    Authors: Ivan Chakalov, Rossitza Draganova, Andreas Wollbrink, Hubert Preissl and Christo Pantev

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2013 14:120

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Human nociceptive withdrawal reflexes (NWR) can be evoked by electrical stimulation applied to the sole of the foot. However, elicitation of NWRs is highly site dependent, and NWRs are especially difficult to ...

    Authors: Ken Steffen Frahm, Carsten Dahl Mørch, Warren M Grill, Nathan B Lubock, Kristian Hennings and Ole Kæseler Andersen

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2013 14:116

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The nociceptive withdrawal reflex (NWR) has been proven to be a valuable tool in the objective assessment of central hyperexcitability in the nociceptive system at spinal level that is present in some chronic ...

    Authors: José A Biurrun Manresa, Giang P Nguyen, Michele Curatolo, Thomas B Moeslund and Ole K Andersen

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2013 14:110

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Mice produce ultrasonic vocalizations in various inter-individual encounters and with high call rates. However, it is so far virtually unknown how these vocal patterns are generated. On the one hand, these voc...

    Authors: Steffen R Hage, Natalja Gavrilov, Ferdinand Salomon and Anna M Stein

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2013 14:99

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Sleep restriction alters pain perception in animals and humans, and many studies have indicated that paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD) promotes hyperalgesia. The hyperalgesia observed after mechanical nocice...

    Authors: Fabio Damasceno, Gabriela O Skinner, Paulo C Araújo, Marcia MD Ferraz, Frank Tenório and Olga MMS de Almeida

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2013 14:92

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Temporal order judgement (TOJ) is the ability to detect the order of occurrence of two sequentially delivered stimuli. Previous research has shown that TOJ in the presence of synchronized periodic conditioning...

    Authors: Kevin GH Lee, Mark F Jacobs, Michael J Asmussen, Christopher M Zapallow, Mark Tommerdahl and Aimee J Nelson

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2013 14:89

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate-dependent Rac Exchanger 2 (P-Rex2) is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) that specifically activates Rac GTPases, important regulators of actin cytoskeleton r...

    Authors: David M Sherry and Bradley A Blackburn

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2013 14:70

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The basal forebrain (BF) regulates cortical activity by the action of cholinergic projections to the cortex. At the same time, it also sends substantial GABAergic projections to both cortex and thalamus, whose...

    Authors: Anwesha Bhattacharyya, Julia Veit, Robert Kretz, Igor Bondar and Gregor Rainer

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2013 14:55

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Sensitive detection of sensory-evoked neuronal activation is a key to mechanistic understanding of brain functions. Since immediate early genes (IEGs) are readily induced in the brain by environmental changes,...

    Authors: Asim K Bepari, Keisuke Watanabe, Masahiro Yamaguchi, Nobuaki Tamamaki and Hirohide Takebayashi

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2012 13:140

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The olfactory neuroepithelium lines the upper nasal cavity and is in direct contact with the external environment and the olfactory bulbs. The ability to self-renew throughout life and the reproducible recover...

    Authors: Carla Cunha, Yvonne Hort, John Shine and Kharen L Doyle

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2012 13:134

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) is a form of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation which has been shown to alter cortical excitability in the upper limb representation of primary somatosensory...

    Authors: Christopher M Zapallow, Michael J Asmussen, David A E Bolton, Kevin G H Lee, Mark F Jacobs and Aimee J Nelson

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2012 13:133

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Human perception of the odour environment is highly variable. People vary both in their general olfactory acuity as well as in if and how they perceive specific odours. In recent years, it has been shown that ...

    Authors: Andreas Keller, Margaret Hempstead, Iran A Gomez, Avery N Gilbert and Leslie B Vosshall

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2012 13:122

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The importance of voltage-dependent conductances in sensory information processing is well-established in insect photoreceptors. Here we present the characterization of electrical properties in photoreceptors ...

    Authors: Iikka Salmela, Esa-Ville Immonen, Roman Frolov, Stephan Krause, Yani Krause, Mikko Vähäsöyrinki and Matti Weckström

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2012 13:93

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Sleep deprivation is extremely common in contemporary society, and is considered to be a frequent cause of behavioral disorders, mood, alertness, and cognitive performance. Although the impacts of sleep depriv...

    Authors: Paulo Breno Noronha Liberalesso, Karlin Fabianne Klagenberg D’Andrea, Mara L Cordeiro, Bianca Simone Zeigelboim, Jair Mendes Marques and Ari Leon Jurkiewicz

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2012 13:83

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  42. Content type: Research article

    In vertebrates and invertebrates, sensory neurons adapt to variable ambient conditions, such as the duration or repetition of a stimulus, a physiological mechanism considered as a simple form of non-associativ...

    Authors: Meena S Murmu, Jacques Stinnakre, Eléonore Réal and Jean-René Martin

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2011 12:105

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Extracellular nucleotides have long been known to play neuromodulatory roles and to be involved in intercellular signalling. In the olfactory system, ATP is released by olfactory neurons, and exogenous ATP can...

    Authors: Ruth Dooley, Anastasia Mashukova, Bastian Toetter, Hanns Hatt and Eva M Neuhaus

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2011 12:86

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Neuropathic pain is a chronic and intractable symptom associated with nerve injury. The periaqueductal gray (PAG) is important in the endogenous pain control system and is the main site of the opioidergic anal...

    Authors: Eu-Teum Hahm, Younghoon Kim, Jong-Ju Lee and Young-Wuk Cho

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2011 12:41

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