Skip to content


Neurobiology of disease

Section edited by Karsten Ruscher

This section covers the neurobiological aspects of diseases that can affect the brain. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, neuroinflammation, neurodegenerative pathophysiology, neurogenesis and experimental brain research. Diseases range across neurodegeneration, demyelinating conditions, addiction, psychiatric conditions, stroke and spinal cord conditions.

Page 3 of 10
  1. Content type: Research article

    Recurrent convulsions can cause irreversible astrocyte death, impede neuron regeneration, and further aggravate brain damage. MicroRNAs have been revealed as players in the progression of numerous diseases inc...

    Authors: Liqun Liu, Lingjuan Liu, Jiayun Shi, Menglin Tan, Jie Xiong, Xingfang Li, Qingpeng Hu, Zhuwen Yi and Ding’an Mao

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:56

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Amyloid-beta (Aβ) accumulation is a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) that can lead to neuronal dysfunction and apoptosis. Tumor necrosis factor, alpha-induced protein 1 (TNFAIP1) is an apoptotic protein th...

    Authors: Ning Liu, Zhanyang Yu, Yu Xun, Miaomiao Li, Xiaoning Peng, Ye Xiao, Xiang Hu, Yi Sun, Manjun Yang, Shiquan Gan, Shishan Yuan, Xiaoying Wang, Shuanglin Xiang and Jian Zhang

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:51

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Peripheral neuropathy is a common and dose-limiting side effect of many cancer chemotherapies. The taxane agents, including paclitaxel (Taxol®), are effective chemotherapeutic drugs but cause degeneration of pred...

    Authors: Aniqa Tasnim, Zoe Rammelkamp, Amy B. Slusher, Krystyna Wozniak, Barbara S. Slusher and Mohamed H. Farah

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:47

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    We previously reported the production of transgenic rats (APP21 line) that over-express human amyloid precursor protein (APP) containing Swedish and Indiana mutations. In order to generate a better model for A...

    Authors: Cansu Agca, Diana Klakotskaia, Todd R. Schachtman, Anthony W. Chan, James J. Lah and Yuksel Agca

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:46

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Murine models of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are mainly based on overexpression of pathologic amyloid precursor protein and/or presenilins. Those genes resemble underlying cause of early onset type of AD while ab...

    Authors: Kristina Endres, Sven Reinhardt, Anastasia Geladaris, Julia Knies, Marcus Grimm, Tobias Hartmann and Ulrich Schmitt

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:44

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    After spinal cord (SC)-injury, a non-modulated immune response contributes to the damage of neural tissue. Protective autoimmunity (PA) is a T cell mediated, neuroprotective response induced after SC-injury. ...

    Authors: Susana Martiñón, Elisa García-Vences, Diana Toscano-Tejeida, Adrian Flores-Romero, Roxana Rodriguez-Barrera, Manuel Ferrusquia, Rolando E. Hernández-Muñoz and Antonio Ibarra

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:42

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Canine intervertebral disc πherniation causes a naturally-occurring spinal cord injury (SCI) that bears critical similarities to human SCI with respect to both injury pathomechanisms and treatment. As such, it...

    Authors: Rae L. Russell, Jonathan M. Levine, Nick D. Jeffery, Colin Young, Armando Mondragon, Bryan Lee, C. Elizabeth Boudreau, C. Jane Welsh and Gwendolyn J. Levine

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:31

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Kainic acid (KA)-induced excitotoxicity promotes cytoplasmic calcium accumulation, oxidative stress, and apoptotic signaling, leading to hippocampal neuronal death. Mitochondria play a critical role in neuroin...

    Authors: Hwajin Kim, Jong Youl Lee, Keon Jae Park, Won-Ho Kim and Gu Seob Roh

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:33

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:16

  9. Content type: Research article

    In the current study, a transient cerebral ischemia producing selective cell death was designated a mild ischemic insult. A comparable insult in humans is a transient ischemic attack (TIA) that is associated with...

    Authors: Ursula I. Tuor, Zonghang Zhao, Philip A. Barber and Min Qiao

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:28

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Anorexia can occur as a serious complication of disease. Increasing evidence suggests that inflammation plays a major role, along with a hypothalamic dysregulation characterized by locally elevated serotonin l...

    Authors: J. T. Dwarkasing, R. F. Witkamp, M. V. Boekschoten, M. C. Ter Laak, M. S. Heins and K. van Norren

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:26

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Red/near-infrared light therapy (R/NIR-LT) has been developed as a treatment for a range of conditions, including injury to the central nervous system (CNS). However, clinical trials have reported variable or ...

    Authors: Bethany Eve Ashworth, Emma Stephens, Carole A. Bartlett, Stylianos Serghiou, Marcus K. Giacci, Anna Williams, Nathan S. Hart and Melinda Fitzgerald

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:21

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    We recently reported that poly-arginine peptides have neuroprotective properties both in vitro and in vivo. In cultured cortical neurons exposed to glutamic acid excitotoxicity, we demonstrated that neuroprote...

    Authors: Diego Milani, Vince W. Clark, Jane L. Cross, Ryan S. Anderton, Neville W. Knuckey and Bruno P. Meloni

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:19

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Methodology article

    Regeneration of new myelin is impaired in persistent multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions, leaving neurons unable to function properly and subject to further degeneration. Current MS therapies attempt to ameliorate...

    Authors: Karen D. Lariosa-Willingham, Elen S. Rosler, Jay S. Tung, Jason C. Dugas, Tassie L. Collins and Dmitri Leonoudakis

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:16

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) inactivates the peptide co-transmitter N-acetylaspartylglutamate following synaptic release. Inhibition of GCPII elevates extracellular levels of the peptide, inhibits glutam...

    Authors: Yang Cao, Yang Gao, Siyi Xu, Jingang Bao, Yingying Lin, Xingguang Luo, Yong Wang, Qizhong Luo, Jiyao Jiang, Joseph H. Neale and Chunlong Zhong

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:15

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    It has been demonstrated that the zebrafish model of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-evoked seizures and the well-established rodent models of epilepsy are similar pertaining to behavior, electrographic features, and c-

    Authors: Patrícia Gonçalves Barbalho, Iscia Lopes-Cendes and Claudia Vianna Maurer-Morelli

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:12

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Spinal cord edema is a serious complication and pathophysiological change after ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury. It has been demonstrated closely associated with bimodal disruption of blood–spinal cord barrie...

    Authors: Xiao-Qian Li, Bo Fang, Wen-Fei Tan, Zhi-Lin Wang, Xi-Jia Sun, Zai-Li Zhang and Hong Ma

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:10

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Bilateral subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) of parkinson’s disease (PD) patients has demonstrated to improve motor performance and to reduce dopa-induced dyskinesia. An association between t...

    Authors: Massiva Sayad, Mohamed Zouambia, Malika Chaouch, Farida Ferrat, Mustapha Nebbal, Mohamed Bendini, Suzanne Lesage, Alexis Brice, Mohamed Brahim Errahmani and Boualem Asselah

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:6

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    Limb remote ischemic postconditioning (LRIP) can ameliorate cerebral ischemia–reperfusion injury (IRI), while the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) is an important tran...

    Authors: Yonghua Zong, Ling Jiang, Mingxiao Zhang, Fangfang Zhou, Wenqian Qi, Shuai Li, Huijun Yang, Yu Zou, Qingjie Xia, Xue Zhou, Xiaosong Hu and Tinghua Wang

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2015 16:97

    Published on:

Page 3 of 10

2016 Journal Metrics