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Cognition and behavior: learning and behavior

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Neurological complications may occur in patients with acute or chronic renal failure; however, in cases of acute renal failure, the signs and symptoms are usually more pronounced, and progressed rapidly. Oxida...

    Authors: Fatemeh Sharifi, Parham Reisi and Maryam Malek

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:52

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the stability of brain arousal in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) outpatients with and without depressive symptomatology, and its association ...

    Authors: Jue Huang, Christine Ulke and Maria Strauss

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:43

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Cardiovascular conditions contribute to brain volume loss, reduced cerebrovascular health, and increased dementia risk in aging adults. Altered hippocampal connectivity has also been observed in individuals wi...

    Authors: Liesel-Ann C. Meusel, Carol E. Greenwood, Andrea Maione, Ekaterina Tchistiakova, Bradley J. MacIntosh and Nicole D. Anderson

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:37

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Pre-treatment with the corticotropin-releasing factor antagonist α-helical CRF9-41 prevents inhibition of gastric emptying by cocaine-and amphetamine-regulated transcript peptide at a dorsal hindbrain level, b...

    Authors: Ulrika Smedh, Karen A. Scott and Timothy H. Moran

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:11

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Gulf War Illness (GWI) affects 30% of veterans from the 1991 Gulf War and has no known cause. Everyday symptoms include pain, fatigue, migraines, and dyscognition. A striking syndromic feature is post-exertion...

    Authors: Rakib U. Rayhan, Stuart D. Washington, Richard Garner, Kristina Zajur, Florencia Martinez Addiego, John W. VanMeter and James N. Baraniuk

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:7

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  6. Content type: Research article

    To prevent and control dementia, many scholars have focused on the transition stage between normal ageing and dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) which is a key interventional target for dementia. Studie...

    Authors: Ying Xu, Zhijie Qiu, Jingfang Zhu, Jiao Liu, Jingsong Wu, Jing Tao and Lidian Chen

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2019 20:2

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The proteasome system plays an important role in synaptic plasticity. Induction and maintenance of long term potentiation is directly dependent on selective targeting of proteins for proteasomal degradation. T...

    Authors: Julia Adelöf, My Andersson, Michelle Porritt, Anne Petersen, Madeleine Zetterberg, John Wiseman and Malin Hernebring

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:70

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Epidemiological surveys and studies with animal models have established a relationship between maternal stress and affective disorders in their offspring. However, whether maternal depression before pregnancy ...

    Authors: Sheng Wei, Zifa Li, Meng Ren, Jieqiong Wang, Jie Gao, Yinghui Guo, Kaiyong Xu, Fang Li, Dehao Zhu, Hao Zhang, Rongju Lv and Mingqi Qiao

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:61

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Environmental uncertainty, such as food deprivation, may alter internal milieu of nervous system through various mechanisms. In combination with circumstances of stress or aging, high consumption of unsaturate...

    Authors: Noushin Nikray, Isaac Karimi, Zahraminoosh Siavashhaghighi, Lora A. Becker and Mohammad Mehdi Mofatteh

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:59

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Intracranial Self-Stimulation (ICSS) of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) is a deep brain stimulation procedure, which has a powerful enhancement effect on explicit and implicit memory. However, the downstream...

    Authors: Elisabet Kádár, Eva Vico Varela, Laura Aldavert-Vera, Gemma Huguet, Ignacio Morgado-Bernal and Pilar Segura-Torres

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:48

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Visuospatial attention is executed by the frontoparietal cortical areas of the brain. Damage to these areas can result in visual neglect. We therefore aimed to assess a combination of the greyscales task and r...

    Authors: Katrin Giglhuber, Stefanie Maurer, Claus Zimmer, Bernhard Meyer and Sandro M. Krieg

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:40

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Memory performance of an individual (within the age range: 50–55 years old) showing superior memory abilities (protagonist PR) was compared to an age- and education-matched reference group in a historical fact...

    Authors: Thorsten Fehr, Angelica Staniloiu, Hans J. Markowitsch, Peter Erhard and Manfred Herrmann

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:35

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Numerous studies have investigated the neural underpinnings of passive and active deviance and target detection in the well-known auditory oddball paradigm by means of event-related potentials (ERPs) or functiona...

    Authors: Christoph Justen and Cornelia Herbert

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:25

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) refers to the responsiveness of cerebral vasculature to vasoactive stimuli. CVR is an indicator of brain health and can be assessed using vasodilatory techniques and magnetic r...

    Authors: Sarah J. Catchlove, Andrew Pipingas, Matthew E. Hughes and Helen Macpherson

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:21

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the process of relapse to abused drugs and ultimately developing treatments that can reduce the incidence of relapse remains the primary goal for the study of substance dependence. Therefore, exp...

    Authors: Tingting Ning, Changlong Leng, Lin Chen, Baomiao Ma and Xiaokang Gong

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:4

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  16. Content type: Research Article

    PDE4 cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases regulate 3′, 5′ cAMP abundance in the CNS and thereby regulate PKA activity and phosphorylation of CREB, which has been implicated in learning and memory, depression a...

    Authors: Susan L. Campbell, Thomas van Groen, Inga Kadish, Lisa High Mitchell Smoot and Graeme B. Bolger

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:77

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  17. Content type: Research article

    In-vivo observations of neural processes during human aggressive behavior are difficult to obtain, limiting the number of studies in this area. To address this gap, the present study implemented a social react...

    Authors: Jonathan Repple, Christina M. Pawliczek, Bianca Voss, Steven Siegel, Frank Schneider, Nils Kohn and Ute Habel

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:73

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  18. Content type: Database

    Most studies of brain structure and function, and their relationships to cognitive ability, have relied on inter-individual variability in magnetic resonance (MR) images. Intra-individual variability is often ign...

    Authors: Elisa Filevich, Nina Lisofsky, Maxi Becker, Oisin Butler, Martyna Lochstet, Johan Martensson, Elisabeth Wenger, Ulman Lindenberger and Simone Kühn

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:65

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  19. Content type: Research article

    It has been reported that internet gaming disorder (IGD) and smokers with nicotine dependence (SND) share clinical characteristics, such as over-engagement despite negative consequences and cravings. This stud...

    Authors: Xin Ge, Yawen Sun, Xu Han, Yao Wang, Weina Ding, Mengqiu Cao, Yasong Du, Jianrong Xu and Yan Zhou

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:54

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  20. Content type: Research article

    EEG studies investigating the neural networks that facilitate action observation (AO) and kinaesthetic motor imagery (KMI) have shown reduced, or desynchronized, power in the alpha (8–12 Hz) and beta (13–30 Hz...

    Authors: Paula M. Di Nota, Julie M. Chartrand, Gabriella R. Levkov, Rodrigo Montefusco-Siegmund and Joseph F. X. DeSouza

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:28

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The study investigates oscillatory brain activity during working memory (WM) tasks. The tasks employed varied in two dimensions. First, they differed in complexity from average to highly demanding. Second, we ...

    Authors: Yuri G. Pavlov and Boris Kotchoubey

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:26

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Yawning is a stereotyped behavior that enhances blood flow to the skull, and the resulting counterflow has been hypothesized as a mechanism for brain cooling. Studies have shown that yawns are strongly associa...

    Authors: Jose R. Eguibar, Carlos A. Uribe, Carmen Cortes, Amando Bautista and Andrew C. Gallup

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:3

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In view of age-related brain changes, identifying factors that are associated with healthy aging are of great interest. In the present study, we compared the functional brain network characteristics of three g...

    Authors: Julia C. Binder, Ladina Bezzola, Aurea I. S. Haueter, Carina Klein, Jürg Kühnis, Hansruedi Baetschmann and Lutz Jäncke

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:2

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  24. Content type: Research Article

    It is known that tooth loss is known to be a risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease and soft diet feeding induces memory impairment. Recent studies have shown that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is asso...

    Authors: Yosuke Takeda, Hiroshi Oue, Shinsuke Okada, Akira Kawano, Katsunori Koretake, Makoto Michikawa, Yasumasa Akagawa and Kazuhiro Tsuga

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:81

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the relationship between a stimulus and how it is perceived reveals fundamental principles about the mechanisms of sensory perception. While this stimulus-percept problem is mostly understood for...

    Authors: Andreas Keller and Leslie B. Vosshall

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:55

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Recent research has documented structural brain abnormalities in various criminal offenders. However, there have been few brain imaging studies of sex offenders, and none on white matter integrity. The curren...

    Authors: Chiao-Yun Chen, Adrian Raine, Kun-Hsien Chou, I-Yun Chen, Daisy Hung and Ching-Po Lin

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:45

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Deception can distort psychological tests on socially sensitive topics. Understanding the cerebral processes that are involved in such faking can be useful in detection and prevention of deception. Previous re...

    Authors: Wanja Wolff, Sebastian Schindler, Christoph Englert, Ralf Brand and Johanna Kissler

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:18

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Smartphone use while walking is becoming a public concern owing to an increased risk of falling that can result from cognitive-motor interference. We evaluated prefrontal cortex (PFC) activity in participants ...

    Authors: Naoyuki Takeuchi, Takayuki Mori, Yoshimi Suzukamo, Naofumi Tanaka and Shin-Ichi Izumi

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:9

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Speech-related disorders may refer to impairment of temporal analysis in the human auditory system. By the advance of non-invasive brain stimulation new forms of therapy arise. In the present study, we examine...

    Authors: Kai Heimrath, Anna Fischer, Hans-Jochen Heinze and Tino Zaehle

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:8

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  30. Content type: Research article

    In highly complex social settings, an animal’s motivational drive to pursue an object depends not only on the intrinsic properties of the object, but also on whether the decision-making animal perceives an ob...

    Authors: Fang Li, Wen-Yu Cao, Fu-Lian Huang, Wen-Jing Kang, Xiao-Lin Zhong, Zhao-Lan Hu, Hong-Tao Wang, Juan Zhang, Jian-Yi Zhang, Ru-Ping Dai, Xin-Fu Zhou and Chang-Qi Li

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2016 17:3

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Both exaggerated and diminished reactivity to stress can be maladaptive. Previous studies have shown that performing increasingly difficult tasks leads first to increased reactivity and then to a blunted respo...

    Authors: Gabriela Guerra Leal Souza, Ana Carolina Ferraz Mendonça-de-Souza, Antônio Fernando Araújo Duarte, Nastassja Lopes Fischer, Wanderson Fernandes Souza, Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho, Ivan Figueira and Eliane Volchan

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2015 16:81

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Sub-optimal functioning of the dorsal prefrontal cortex (PFC) is associated with executive dysfunction, such as set-shifting deficits, in neurological and psychiatric disorders. We tested this hypothesis by in...

    Authors: Niels J H M Gerrits, Odile A van den Heuvel and Ysbrand D van der Werf

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2015 16:45

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Rats lever-press for access to running wheels suggesting that wheel running by itself is reinforcing. Furthermore, pairings of an episode of wheel running and subsequent confinement in a specific environment c...

    Authors: Alexandra Trost and Wolfgang Hauber

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:124

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Shortened rapid eye movement (REM) sleep latency and increased REM sleep amount are presumed biological markers of depression. These sleep alterations are also observable in several animal models of depression...

    Authors: Diána Kostyalik, Szilvia Vas, Zita Kátai, Tamás Kitka, István Gyertyán, Gyorgy Bagdy and László Tóthfalusi

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:120

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Dystonia is often currently treated with botulinum toxin injections to spastic muscles, or deep brain stimulation to the basal ganglia. In addition to these pharmacological or neurosurgical measures, a new non...

    Authors: Yasunari Hashimoto, Tetsuo Ota, Masahiko Mukaino, Meigen Liu and Junichi Ushiba

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:103

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The Error-related negativity (ERN) is a component of the event-related brain potentials elicited by error commission. The ERN is thought to reflect cognitive control processes aiming to improve performance. As pr...

    Authors: Christelle Beaulieu, Marie-Ève Bourassa, Benoit Brisson, Pierre Jolicoeur and Louis De Beaumont

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:102

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Emotional information is frequently processed below the level of consciousness, where subcortical regions of the brain are thought to play an important role. In the absence of conscious visual experience, pati...

    Authors: Yuki Motomura, Shingo Kitamura, Kentaro Oba, Yuri Terasawa, Minori Enomoto, Yasuko Katayose, Akiko Hida, Yoshiya Moriguchi, Shigekazu Higuchi and Kazuo Mishima

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:97

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The restorative effect of sleep on waking brain activity remains poorly understood. Previous studies have compared overall neural network characteristics after normal sleep and sleep deprivation. To study whet...

    Authors: Ilse M Verweij, Nico Romeijn, Dirk JA Smit, Giovanni Piantoni, Eus JW Van Someren and Ysbrand D van der Werf

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:88

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  39. Content type: Methodology article

    The human brain is frequently exposed to individual faces across a wide range of different apparent sizes, often seen simultaneously (e.g., when facing a crowd). Here we used a sensitive and objective fast per...

    Authors: Milena Dzhelyova and Bruno Rossion

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:87

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Initially, human area MT+ was considered a visual area solely processing motion information but further research has shown that it is also involved in various different cognitive operations, such as working memor...

    Authors: Daniela Galashan, Thorsten Fehr, Andreas K Kreiter and Manfred Herrmann

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:85

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Recent work suggests that ALS and frontotemporal dementia can occur together and share at least in part the same underlying pathophysiology. However, it is unclear at present whether memory deficits in ALS ste...

    Authors: Judith Machts, Verena Bittner, Elisabeth Kasper, Christina Schuster, Johannes Prudlo, Susanne Abdulla, Katja Kollewe, Susanne Petri, Reinhard Dengler, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Stefan Vielhaber, Mircea A Schoenfeld and Daniel M Bittner

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:83

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), our previous neural adaptation studies found that infants’ bilateral temporal regions process facial identity (FiHN 5:153, 2011). In addition, we revealed that size-inv...

    Authors: Megumi Kobayashi, Yumiko Otsuka, So Kanazawa, Masami K Yamaguchi and Ryusuke Kakigi

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:81

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Suppression of body weight and symptom of anorexia are major symptoms of depression. Recently, we reported that chronic social defeat stress (CSDS) induced suppression of body weight gain and anorexic feeding ...

    Authors: Wataru Iio, Haruyoshi Takagi, Yasuki Ogawa, Takamitsu Tsukahara, Shigeru Chohnan and Atsushi Toyoda

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2014 15:72

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