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Cellular and molecular mechanisms

Section edited by Maurizio Popoli, Vijiyalaxmi Ravindraneth and Mark Rasenick

This section covers all aspects of cellular and molecular neuroscience. Topics of interest are widespread and include, but are not limited to, neurotransmitters, neuropsychopharmacology, cell signaling, neurophysiology and glial development.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Light exposure induces oxidative stress, which contributes to ocular diseases of aging. Blue light provides a model for light-induced oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation and retinal degeneration in Drosophila me...

    Authors: Hana Hall, Jingqun Ma, Sudhanshu Shekhar, Walter D. Leon-Salas and Vikki M. Weake

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:43

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Striatal fast-spiking interneurons (FSI) are a subset of GABAergic cells that express calcium-binding protein parvalbumin (PV). They provide feed-forward inhibition to striatal projection neurons (SPNs), recei...

    Authors: Ernesto Alberto Rendón-Ochoa, Teresa Hernández-Flores, Victor Hugo Avilés-Rosas, Verónica Alejandra Cáceres-Chávez, Mariana Duhne, Antonio Laville, Dagoberto Tapia, Elvira Galarraga and José Bargas

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:42

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Many neuropsychiatric disorders develop in early life. Although the mechanisms involved have not been elucidated, it is possible that functional abnormalities of parvalbumin-positive interneurons (PV neurons) ...

    Authors: Hiroshi Ueno, Shunsuke Suemitsu, Shinji Murakami, Naoya Kitamura, Kenta Wani, Yosuke Matsumoto, Motoi Okamoto, Shozo Aoki and Takeshi Ishihara

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:41

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Accumulation of the α-synuclein (α-syn) protein is a hallmark of a group of brain disorders collectively known as synucleinopathies. The mechanisms responsible for α-syn accumulation are not well understood. S...

    Authors: Jared Schommer, Gurdeep Marwarha, Trevor Schommer, Travis Flick, Jonah Lund and Othman Ghribi

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:17

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Chronic opioid therapy for non-malignant pain conditions has significantly increased over the last 15 years. Recently, the correlation between opioid analgesics and alternations in brain structure, such as leu...

    Authors: Ruping Fan, Lisa M. Schrott, Thomas Arnold, Stephen Snelling, Meghana Rao, Derrel Graham, Angela Cornelius and Nadejda L. Korneeva

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:15

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Sleep deprivation impairs learning, causes stress, and can lead to death. Notch and JNK-1 pathways impact C. elegans sleep in complex ways; these have been hypothesized to involve compensatory sleep. C. elegans D...

    Authors: Heather L. Bennett, Yulia Khoruzhik, Dustin Hayden, Huiyan Huang, Jarred Sanders, Melissa B. Walsh, David Biron and Anne C. Hart

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2018 19:10

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  7. Content type: Software

    Intracellular calcium is an important ion involved in the regulation and modulation of many neuronal functions. From regulating cell cycle and proliferation to initiating signaling cascades and regulating pres...

    Authors: Elena Artimovich, Russell K. Jackson, Michaela B. C. Kilander, Yu-Chih Lin and Michael W. Nestor

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:72

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  8. Content type: Methodology

    A sensitive, rapid and selective UHPLC–MS/MS method has been developed and validated for the quantification of Nicotine (NT) and Cotinine (CN) using Continine-d 3 as internal standard (...

    Authors: Mohammad A. Kaisar, Raja Reddy Kallem, Ravi K. Sajja, Ali Ehsan Sifat and Luca Cucullo

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:71

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by the accumulation of amyloid beta (Aβ) and the formation of neurofibrillary tangles. Aβ is the main constituent of senile plaques and is largely involved in neuronal deat...

    Authors: Yuqin Zhang, Changchun Chen, Yanliu Jiang, Shupei Wang, Xiaoyu Wu and Kai Wang

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:69

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The Na+/K+-ATPases are transmembrane ion pumps important for maintenance of ion gradients across the plasma membrane that serve to support multiple cellular functions, such as membrane potentials, regulation of c...

    Authors: Ditte Gry Ellman, Toke Jost Isaksen, Minna Christiansen Lund, Safinaz Dursun, Martin Wirenfeldt, Louise Helskov Jørgensen, Karin Lykke-Hartmann and Kate Lykke Lambertsen

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:66

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  11. Content type: Research article

    CLCA is a family of metalloproteases that regulate Ca2+-activated Cl fluxes in epithelial tissues. In HEK293 cells, CLCA1 promotes membrane expression of an endogenous Anoctamin 1 (ANO1, also termed TMEM16A)-dep...

    Authors: Casilda V. Mura, Ricardo Delgado, María Graciela Delgado, Diego Restrepo and Juan Bacigalupo

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:61

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The identification of biomarkers that predict susceptibility to major depressive disorder and treatment response to antidepressants is a major challenge. Vortioxetine is a novel multimodal antidepressant that ...

    Authors: Jessica A. Waller, Sara Holm Nygaard, Yan Li, Kristian Gaarn du Jardin, Joseph A. Tamm, Aicha Abdourahman, Betina Elfving, Alan L. Pehrson, Connie Sánchez and Rasmus Wernersson

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:56

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  13. Content type: Methodology article

    CRISPR/Cas9 system is a powerful method to investigate the role of genes by introducing a mutation selectively and efficiently to specific genome positions in cell and animal lines. However, in primary neuron...

    Authors: Hiroto Tsunematsu, Akiko Uyeda, Nobuhiko Yamamoto and Noriyuki Sugo

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:55

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  14. Content type: Review

    In the recent decade, iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) have been proposed for several applications in the central nervous system (CNS), including targeting amyloid beta (Aβ) in the arteries, inhibiting the mic...

    Authors: Zahra Yarjanli, Kamran Ghaedi, Abolghasem Esmaeili, Soheila Rahgozar and Ali Zarrabi

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:51

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The GluN2B subunit of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAr) modulates many physiological processes including learning, memory, and pain. Excessive increase in NMDAr/GluN2B activity has been associated with va...

    Authors: Edwin A. Reyes-Guzman, Nohora Vega-Castro, Edgar A. Reyes-Montaño and Esperanza Recio-Pinto

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:44

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies have suggested that the activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling may be related to antidepressant action. Therefore, the present study evaluated whether antidepressant drugs ...

    Authors: Mi Kyoung Seo, Cheol Min Choi, Roger S. McIntyre, Hye Yeon Cho, Chan Hong Lee, Rodrigo B. Mansur, Yena Lee, Jae-Hon Lee, Young Hoon Kim, Sung Woo Park and Jung Goo Lee

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:39

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The mechanisms of steroids actions in the brain mainly involve the binding and nuclear translocation of specific cytoplasmic receptors. These receptors can act as transcription factors and regulate gene expres...

    Authors: Marcin Piechota, Michał Korostynski, Slawomir Golda, Joanna Ficek, Danuta Jantas, Ziolkowska Barbara and Ryszard Przewlocki

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:37

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  18. Content type: Methodology

    Cation-chloride cotransporters (CCCs) are indispensable for maintaining chloride homeostasis in multiple cell types, but K–Cl cotransporter KCC2 is the only CCC member with an exclusively neuronal expression i...

    Authors: Anastasia Ludwig, Claudio Rivera and Pavel Uvarov

    Citation: BMC Neuroscience 2017 18:23

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