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Table 1 Demographic and clinical variables of the participants

From: Morphologic changes in the visual cortex of patients with anisometropic amblyopia: a surface-based morphometry study

Characteristics Patients (n = 20) Controls (n = 20) P value
Age (years) 25.20 ± 9.94 26.70 ± 7.40 0.591a
Gender (male/female) 9/11 8/12 0.749b
Education (years) 12.95 ± 3.03 13.80 ± 2.38 0.330a
Amblyopia/nondominant eye of control (left/right) 12/8 16/4 0.168b
cVA (LogMAR)
 Amblyopic eye (nondominant eye of control) 0.70 (0.70) 0 (0.08) < 0.001c
 Fellow eye (dominant eye of control) 0 (0.08) 0 (0.08) 0.975c
 P value < 0.001d > 0.999d
Amount of anisometropia (diopter) 2.75 (1.88) 0.13 (0.94) < 0.001c
RNFL thickness (μm)
 Amblyopic eye 102.80 ± 12.15
 Fellow eye 105.00 ± 12.63
 P value 0.268e
  1. The measurement data are expressed as the mean ± standard deviation and median (inter-quartile range) for the normality and nonnormality data, respectively. The enumeration data are expressed as frequency number
  2. cVA corrected visual acuity, LogMAR logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution, RNFL retinal nerve fiber layer
  3. aThe P value was calculated using independent-samples t tests
  4. bThe P value was calculated using the Chi-square test
  5. cThe P value was calculated using Mann–Whitney U test
  6. dThe P value was calculated using Wilcoxon’s signed rank test
  7. eThe P value was calculated using paired-samples t test