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Table 1 Hemodynamic and metabolic effects in high-fat diet-induced metabolic syndrome in rats

From: Cerebral microvascular dysfunction in metabolic syndrome is exacerbated by ischemia–reperfusion injury

  CTL-sham HFD-sham
Body weight (g) 428 ± 29 410 ± 46
SAP (mmHg) 116 ± 3 144 ± 2***
HR (bpm) 332 ± 9 429 ± 5***
Plasma fasting glucose (mg/dL) 102 ± 7 228 ± 15***
Plasma fasting insulin (ng/mL) 2.5 ± 0.5 6.5 ± 1.1**
HOMA-IR 12.5 ± 3.6 55.8 ± 13.4*
  1. Values represent mean ± standard error, n = 8
  2. SAP Systolic arterial pressure, HR heart rate, HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance
  3. *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05 versus CTL-sham