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Table 1 Data at baseline of the two subject groups

From: Musical ability is associated with enhanced auditory and visual cognitive processing

  Musicians (n = 10) Non-musicians (n = 10) Significance
Age 23 ± 2 24 ± 2 ns (p = 0.436)
Sex 5 male/5 female 5 male/5 female
Amusia test
 1a. Rhythm 15.5 ± 0.7 9.8 ± 1.8 p < 0.001
 1b. Metrum 16.0 ± 0.0 11.4 ± 2.9 p < 0.001
 2. Comparison of melodies 15.5 ± 0.7 12.6 ± 1.8 p < 0.001
 3. Emotion 11.2 ± 0.9 11.0 ± 0.9 ns (p = 0.684)
 4. Pitch 12.0 ± 0.0 10.5 ± 1.3 p = 0.007
 5. Identification of melodies 13.3 ± 0.7 11.9 ± 1.6 ns (p = 0.052)
 Total score 83.5 ± 1.2 67.2 ± 5.7 p < 0.001
Seashore test
 1. Pitch 46.1 ± 2.9 34.6 ± 8.6 p = 0.001
 2. Loudness 45.4 ± 1.8 42.4 ± 3.0 p = 0.011
 3. Rhythm 28.6 ± 1.0 25.7 ± 3.0 p = 0.005
 4. Duration of a tone 45.0 ± 2.8 42.2 ± 2.3 p = 0.029
 5. Timbre 42.3 ± 3.1 37.1 ± 6.0 p = 0.043
 6. Tonal memory 26.0 ± 2.3 15.9 ± 6.7 p = 0.001
 Total score 233.4 ± 6.6 197.9 ± 22.7 p < 0.001
Zerssen 1 29.9 ± 5.6 32.8 ± 6.8 ns (p = 0.315)
Zerssen 2 31.3 ± 9.9 32.2 ± 6.0 ns (p = 0.393)
  1. Comparison between groups by Mann–Whitney U test