Skip to main content

Table 1 Stimulus examples

From: ERP evidence for different strategies in the processing of case markers in native speakers and non-native learners

Correct canonical condition
Ichi wa no kamo ga
1 [bird] [gen.] duck [nom.]
ni hiki no nezumi o
2 [small-animal] [gen.] mouse [acc.]
tobikoeru tokoro desu.
jump over take place.
Correct non-canonical condition
Ichi wa no hato o
1 [bird] [gen.] pigeon [acc.]
ni hiki no neko ga
2 [small-animal] [gen.] cat [nom.]
tobikoeru tokoro desu.
jump over take place.
Double nominative case violation
Ichi wa no kamo ga
1 [bird] [gen.] duck [nom.]
ni hiki no nezumi ga
2 [small-animal] [gen.] mouse [nom.]
tobikoeru tokoro desu.
jump over take place.
Double accusative case violation
Ichi wa no hato o
1 [bird] [gen.] pigeon [acc.]
ni hiki no neko o
2 [small-animal] [gen.] cat [acc.]
tobikoeru tokoro desu.
jump over take
  1. Gen. = genitive, nom. = nominative, acc. = accusative; incorrect elements are underlined.