PMBSF deformation grids and vector plots. Deformation grids and vector plots of PMBSF landmarks. Whereas Figure 3 emphasizes the animal variation in shape grouped by strain, increased emphasis on the overall shape differences between strains is better illustrated by deformation grids and vector plots, two standard plot types for shape change depiction. 4A depicts total (uniform and non-uniform) shape differences in C57BL/6J, the consensus plot, and DBA/2J. The consensus (jargon of geometric morphometrics) represents the average, or midway interpolation, of the two strains. 4B shows vector plots of C57BL/6J and DBA/2J shapes, where the vector size is proportional to the observed changes. The noted shape changes in barrel row A mentioned in the caption for Figure 3 are more readily apparent in Figure 4A and 4B. See text for a more complete description of noted shape changes. 4C shows deformation grids of only the uniform effects, and so the grid lines are parallel. Effects in these plots have been increased 3-fold to better illustrate the differences between strains. The figures were composed in tpsRegr .