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Long-term plasticity determines the postsynaptic response to correlated afferents with multivesicular short-term synaptic depression
BMC Neurosciencevolume 15, Article number: P61 (2014)
The firing rate of a neuron is largely determined by correlations in synaptic drive. Correlations in neurotransmitter release between different active sites arise from both synchronous activity in the presynaptic population and the number of independent release sites per neuron. Recent work has shown that the number of release sites on each neuron is modified during long-term plasticity . Such changes will modulate the effect of synchronous drive and therefore have a significant effect on the response of the postsynaptic cell.
To understand how correlations from synaptic dynamics and from presynaptic synchrony shape the postsynaptic response, we studied a model of multiple release site short-term plasticity and derived exact results for the crosscorrelation function of vesicle occupancy and neurotransmitter release, as well as the postsynaptic voltage variance . Using approximate forms for the postsynaptic firing rate in the limits of low and high correlations, we demonstrated that short-term depression leads to a maximum response for an intermediate number of presynaptic release sites, and that this leads to a tuning-curve response peaked at an optimal presynaptic synchrony set by the number of independent neurotransmitter release sites per presynaptic neuron (Figure 1).
These effects arise because, above a certain level of correlation, activity in the presynaptic population is overly strong resulting in wastage of the pool of releasable neurotransmitter. As the nervous system operates under metabolic constraints it is likely that this phenomenon provides an activity-dependent constraint on network architecture.
Loebel A, Le Be JV, Richardson MJE, Markram H, Herz AVM: “Matched Pre- and Post-Synaptic Changes Underlie Synaptic Plasticity over Long Time Scales,”. J Neurosci. 2013, 33: 6257-6266. 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3740-12.2013.
Bird AD, Richardson MJE: “Long-term plasticity determines the postsynaptic response to correlated afferents with multivesicular short-term synaptic depression,”. Front Comput Neurosci. 2014, 8: Article 2