Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) expression in human arginine decarboxylase (hADC)-introduced astrocytes after oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD). The mRNA levels were determined using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) (A) and protein expression was evaluated using Western immunoblots (B). Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and β-actin were used as internal controls, respectively. Asterisks indicate a p < 0.05 when the samples were compared to no treatment control. Double asterisk indicate a p < 0.05 that two samples were significantly different which was confirmed by a post-hoc analysis.