Network configuration with two populations. (A) Diagram of the connection. If H is an excitatory population, synapse Wh has anti-Hebbian plasticity. If H represents an inhibitory population, the synapse has Hebbian plasticity. (B) Phase plot of activity of E versus the strength of Wh in the scenario where H is an inhibitory network. (C) The avalanche distribution of the Up state in panel (B).