Brain activity during reflection on oneself. Analysis of selected regions (yellow circles) with activation during reflecting on oneself, resulting from the conjoined contrast (refl-self > refl-known) & (refl-self > refl-unknown) & (refl-self > perc-self) – (2). The colour-coded maps indicate those areas of the brain with greater t activity during self-reflection than under all other conditions (p < 0.005, Monte Carlo simulation with cluster wise correction p < 0.01). The time courses indicate the mean and standard errors of blood oxygen-level-dependent signal changes under primary conditions. (A) DMPFC. (B) Ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and insula (VLPFC/Ins. L). (C) DLPFC R. (D) Posterior cingulate cortex (PCC). All regions have greater activity during the reflection periods than during perception of the photograph. All other significant clusters were also activated under the ‘other’-reflection-conditions.