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Table 1 Fatty acid profile of experimental diets (% of total identified fatty acids)

From: Omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid improves spatial learning and hippocampal Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptors (PPARα and PPARγ) gene expression in rats

  Experimental diets
Fatty acid CTRL LMO HMO
Caprylic Acid (8:0) 0.70 0.17 0.13
Capric Acid (10:0) 0.87 0.13 0.09
Lauric Acid (12:0) 6.05 0.06 0.05
Myristic Acid (14:0) 4.66 1.26 2.82
Palmitic Acid (16:0) 28.11 15.16 16.47
Palmitoleic Acid (16:1) 0.84 1.53 3.93
Stearic Acid (18:0) 6.77 4.18 4.84
Oleic Acid (18:1n-9) 29.59 20.35 26.85
Linoleic Acid (18:2n-6) 17.78 40.37 31.94
Linolenic Acid (18:3n-3) 0.28 0.37 0.27
Arachidic Acid (20:0) 1.51 2.09 2.39
Arachidonic Acid (20:4n-6) 0.15 0.13 0.29
Eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3) nd 0.92 3.40
Docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-3) nd 0.20 1.13
Docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) nd 0.45 2.46
Total SFA 50.19 24.43 27.98
Total UFA 49.81 75.57 72.02
Total MUFA 31.54 33.03 32.29
Total n-3 PUFA 0.28 1.94 7.26
Total n-6 PUFA 17.99 40.59 32.47
n-6: n-3 64.25 20.92 4.47
UFA:SFA 0.99 3.09 2.57
PUFA:SFA 0.36 1.74 1.42
  1. CTRL: control, LMO: low menhaden oil, HMO: high menhaden.
  2. nd: not detected.
  3. Total SFA: sum of 8:0, 10:0, 12:0, 14:0, 16:0, 18:0 and 20:0.
  4. Total UFA: sum of 16:1, 18:1n-9, 18:2 n-6, 20:4n-6, 18:3n-3, 20:5n-3, 22:5n-3 and 22:6n-3.
  5. Total MUFA: sum of 16:1 and 18:1n-9.
  6. Total n-3PUFA: sum of 18:3n-3, 20:5n-3, 22:5n-3 and 22:6n-3.
  7. Total n-6PUFA: sum of 18:2n-6, 20:4n-6.
  8. n-6: n-3 :Total n-6 PUFA: (sum of 18:2n-6, 20:4n-6)/ Total n-3 PUFA: (sum of 18:3n-3, 20:5n-3, 22:5n-3 and 22:6n-3).