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Table 1 Activated brain areas during the pitch memory task in AP+ and AP- and the functional activation difference between both groups.

From: Perceiving pitch absolutely: Comparing absolute and relative pitch possessors in a pitch memory task

area left hemisphere right hemisphere
  BA x y z t-value BA x y z t-value
AP musicians, ITP 0–3 (cluster level p < 0.05, voxel extent = 10, FDR corr.)
Pre-supplementary motor area 6 0 8 53 6.6      
inferior parietal lobule 40 -50 -38 50 6.32 40 53 -34 50 6.91
superior temporal gyrus 42 -63 -23 7 14.03 42 65 -19 8 13.21
cerebellum   -24 -71 -17 5.19   30
8
-69
-31
-17
-3
7.24
6.23
AP musicians, ITP 4–6 (cluster level p < 0.05, voxel extent = 10, FDR corr.)
inferior frontal gyrus 44 -51 15 21 6.52 45 51 20 21 5.43
inferior parietal lobule       40 48 -48 54 7.79
anterior superior temporal gyrus 38 -51 17 -11 7.92      
Cerebellum   -38 -65 -17 6.65   32 -71 -18 7.67
non-AP musicians, ITP 0–3 (cluster level p < 0.05, voxel extent = 10, FDR corr.)
pre-supplementary motor area       6 0 14 45 6.21
inferior frontal gyrus       44 53 17 25 6.11
inferior parietal lobule       40 46 -40 57 8.71
superior temporal gyrus 42 -65 -25 12 13.77 22 63 -6 -1 12.85
thalamus   0 -11 8 6.71      
Cerebellum   -32 -63 -20 6.93      
non-AP musicians, ITP 4–6 (cluster level p < 0.05, voxel extent = 10, FDR corr.)
inferior parietal lobule       40 46 -44 56 7.43
Cerebellum   -36 -63 -19 8.96      
AP musicians > non – AP musicians, ITP 0–3 (p < 0.001, voxel extent = 10, uncorr.)
ventrolateral premotor cortex       6 55 7 31 4.78
       6 53 2 39 3.69
Precuneus       7 2 -76 42 3.43
intraparietal sulcus 7/40 -42 -54 51 3.66      
Anterior superior temporal gyrus       22 61 -7 11 3.19
       22 65 -15 4 4.45
superior temporal sulcus 21/22 -61 -18 -4 5.34 21/22 67 -35 4 3.67
  21/22 -65 -33 7 4.54      
  21/22 -63 -23 5 3.56      
brainstem        10 -31 -3 3.55
AP musicians > non – AP musicians, ITP 4–6 (p < 0.001, voxel extent = 10, uncorr.)
IFG 44 -50 13 21 3.54 47 28 37 -2 3.26
IPCS 6/44 -34 5 29 3.41      
precuneus       7 4 -54 47 3.54
superior parietal lobule 7 -18 -66 49 4.15 7 16 -69 51 4
  7 -18 -56 43 3.54      
inferior parietal lobule 40 -40 -58 51 4.13 40 38 -64 47 3.68
  40 -46 -33 35 3.67      
non-AP musicians > AP musicians, ITP 0–3 (p < 0.001, voxel extent = 10, uncorr.)
SMA 6 0 -15 49 3.43      
postcentral gyrus       2 59 -19 40 4.16
postcentral sulcus       7 22 -45 69 3.13
Superior parietal lobule 7 -14 -51 65 3.59 7 30 -45 67 3.8
intraparietal sulcus       7/40 40 -42 63 4.57
Inferior parietal lobule 40 -61 -39 39 3.21 40 36 -33 39 3.3
supramarginal gyrus 40 -63 -35 31 3.98      
Superior temporal gyrus 22 -59 -24 18 3.58      
inferior temporal gyrus 20 -42 -9 -18 3.52      
fusiform gyrus       37 44 -45 -13 3.57
thalamus   0 -8 4 4.22      
non-AP musicians > AP musicians, ITP 4–6 (p < 0.001, voxel extent = 10, uncorr)
cingulate gyrus 32 -2 10 44 3.39      
postcentral gyrus       2 59 -19 40 4.1
superior parietal lobule       7 36 -43 65 4.09
intraparietal sulcus       7/40 42 -40 61 3.75
superior temporal gyrus 42 -63 -23 14 3.78      
  34 -24 1 -15 3.32      
anterior superior temporal gyrus 38 -38 18 -24 3.48