Volume 12 Supplement 1
Single neuron transient activity detection by means of tomography
© Aguirre et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011
Published: 18 July 2011
Tomographic transforms  refers to a new kind of linear transforms that use a different approach than traditional transforms such as the Cohen’s Class or the Wigner distribution to obtain a representation of a signal in the time-frequency plane. The idea of tomography is to decompose the signal by using the eigenfunctions of linear combinations of operators, for example, time and frequency, time and resolution or time and conformal operator. Tomographic transforms has been used in the framework of quantum mechanics and for the analysis of reflectometry data . Here we show that tomographic analysis can be also useful for the detection and characterization of transient components in neuronal signals.
We have applied the tomographic transform to both neuronal signals generated by a phenomenological model presented in  and to biological signals obtained from invertebrates. In Figure 1 A the output of a neuron with two different tonic spiking regimes produced by a different external current injection is depicted. In panel B, the values of the most significative coefficients of the Fourier transform are shown. In this case the Fourier transform detects the existence of different rhythms in the signal, but is not able to find the number of transient components. In panel C, the tomographic transform detects both the existence of different rhythms and the number of transient components of each rhythm in the neuron output signal.
(CA) and (ES) are supported by BFU2009-08473. (CA) and (PP) are partially supported by AYA2009-14212-05.
(PP) is partially supported by TIN2010-21575-C02-01.
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