Volume 10 Supplement 1

Eighteenth Annual Computational Neuroscience Meeting: CNS*2009

Open Access

Self-organized criticality of developing artificial neuronal networks and dissociated cell cultures

  • Christian Tetzlaff1Email author,
  • Samora Okujeni2,
  • Ulrich Egert2,
  • Florentin Wörgötter1 and
  • Markus Butz1, 3
BMC Neuroscience200910(Suppl 1):P215

DOI: 10.1186/1471-2202-10-S1-P215

Published: 13 July 2009

Self-organized criticality (SOC) [1] was first described in neuronal cell cultures by Beggs and Plenz [2]. Neuronal networks being in a critical state produce avalanche-like discharges that are power-law distributed. The assessment of avalanches in neuronal networks is a new way of looking at neuronal activities apart from bursts, synchronization etc. The main novelty of our approach is to assess the avalanche distribution at different developmental stages of neuronal networks. For this, we used dissociated post-natal cell culture taken from the rat cortex. Experimental data was provided by the Ulrich Egert group, BCCN Fribourg, Germany. We found that different network states as subcritical, critical or supracritical specify a time and spatial activity profile that is linked but not equivalent to low, moderate or high levels in neuronal activity, respectively. We are the first who show that the activity profile in cell cultures develop from supracritical states over subcritical into critical states. To shed light to the dependency of SOC on network development, we used a self-organizing artificial neuronal network model based on a previous model by Van Ooyen and Abbott [35]. An important novelty of our model is that it is more detailed with respect to representing seperate axonal and dendritic fields [6, 7]. The model network aims to develop towards a homeostatic equilibrium in neuronal activity that is achieved by growth and retraction of axonal and dendritic fields. This abstract model already reproduces the transient behavior as seen in cell cultures from supracritical over subcritical to critical states. However, we found that some cell cultures remain in a subcritical regime. The model offers a simple explanation as depending on the strength of inhibition, equivalent to the friction in self-organizing systems [8], neuronal networks may or may not reach criticality even though they are homeostatically equilibrated.

Authors’ Affiliations

BCCN Göttingen, Georg-August University
BCCN Fribourg, Albert-Ludwigs University
Dept. for Integrative Neurophysiology, VU University


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© Tetzlaff et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.