Volume 10 Supplement 1
Modulation of input gain and response gain by noisy synaptic input
© Ayaz and Chance; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009
Published: 13 July 2009
We study the responses of a single-compartment spiking model neuron. In Figure 1 (panels C and D), the model neuron receives noisy excitatory and inhibitory synaptic input arising from "pooled" (as proposed by the "normalization model" ) local cortical activity. Increasing pooled activity, as might occur from adding additional visual stimuli or changing the attentional state of the animal, led to divisive response-gain modulation of neuronal intensity curves (firing rate vs. stimulus intensity) in Figure 1C and also neuronal tuning curves (firing rate vs. stimulus parameter) in Figure 1D. When the cortical architecture is modified to include mutual interactions between cortical pools, the effects of increasing modulatory input on intensity curves (Figure 2C) and tuning curves (Figure 2D) is more like input-gain modulation. Thus, both forms of gain modulation observed in vivo can be generated by noisy synaptic input, provided the associated cortical circuitry is configured properly.
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